Title: Opportunity recognition, intellectual property rights, barriers to technological adoption and technology entrepreneurship in emerging economies: a multilevel analysis
Authors: Saurav Pathak; André O. Laplume; Emanuel Xavier-Oliveira
Addresses: School of Business and Economics, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Drive, G010 Academic Office Building, Houghton, MI 49931, USA ' School of Business and Economics, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Drive, G010 Academic Office Building, Houghton, MI 49931, USA ' School of Business and Economics, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Drive, G010 Academic Office Building, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
Abstract: Our study asks a pertinent question - to what extent does institutional environment moderate the influence of entrepreneurs' ability to recognise opportunities and their likelihood of entering into technology entrepreneurship? This study suggests that technology entrepreneurs in emerging economies may be deterred by strong intellectual property rights regimes and other barriers to technology adoption. We tested our hypotheses using global entrepreneurship monitor (GEM) survey data on individual-level entrepreneurial behaviours that was complemented with national-level datasets on institutional factors such as the intellectual property rights and barriers to technological adoption. Our results indicate that entrepreneurs' opportunity recognition at the individual-level may be even more important in contexts where barriers to technological adoption are high. We contribute to a growing literature that treats entrepreneurship as a multi-level phenomenon and that examines the combined influences of individual-centric characteristics and his or her context on individual-level entrepreneurial intentions and behaviours - specifically on engaging in technology entrepreneurship. Overall, our research indicates that the factors that predict technology entrepreneurship in emerging economies may not be the same as those in developed nations.
Keywords: technology entrepreneurship; technopreneurship; technoentrepreneurship; opportunity recognition; intellectual property rights; IPR; adoption barriers; technological adoption; emerging economies; multilevel modelling; entrepreneurial opportunities; global entrepreneurship monitor; GEM.
International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 2014 Vol.7 No.2, pp.130 - 158
Published online: 07 Jun 2014 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article