Title: Learning analytics and second-language context: a digital instrument for measurement of real-time data regarding second language learners achievement

Authors: Sandra Figueiredo

Addresses: Higher Institute for Applied Psychology, Rua Jardim do Tabaco, no. 34, Lisboa, Portugal

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to develop a reliable electronic instrument to collect, measure and report data about verbal behaviours, regarding the phonological awareness and specific language skills, of second language learners. After theoretical revision of concepts and a perspective about phonetic decoding process, we presented results regarding the segmentation (a) and minimum pairs (b) tests. Against the general principles of critical period hypothesis, in empirical study the older learners present higher than younger ones, revealing more structure and less interference at the phonological level. Specific phonological constraints might explain the phonetic decoding and perception at this specific context (second language and migratory experience). The tests battery is presented as an important educational and research tool applied in a digital environment considering the electronic setting and advantages as authentic measurement and analytic scenario for the scientific understanding about the decoding processes and cognitive constraints of language learners.

Keywords: learning analytics; second language; intervention programmes; language measurement; second and critical period hypothesis; learning improvement; digital resources; phonetic decoding; phonological decoding; immigrant students; Portugal; verbal behaviour; language learning; migrants; cognitive constraints.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTEL.2013.059089

International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, 2013 Vol.5 No.2, pp.178 - 193

Received: 13 Mar 2013
Accepted: 24 Sep 2013

Published online: 03 Feb 2014 *

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