Title: Effects of entrepreneurs' networking with national values on job growth expectations: a two-level analysis for the MENA region and Denmark

Authors: Tareq Sadeq; Zakia Setti

Addresses: Mathematics Department, Birzeit University, P.O. Box 14, Birzeit, West-Bank, Palestine ' Department of Sociology, University of Alger 2, Boulevard Djamel Eddine El Afghani, Bouzareah, 16032, Algiers, Algeria

Abstract: Over the last three decades, the literature has dealt with the roles of networks and advisors in business success. This paper investigates the effect of networking on job growth aspirations of early-stage entrepreneurs in Denmark and 14 countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Data are provided by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) teams in these countries. The paper uses a two-level hierarchical linear regression model. The results highlight the important factors affecting growth expectations, including networking effects. These results are consistent with the literature findings and may also add new features to entrepreneurship research.

Keywords: entrepreneurs; entrepreneurial networks; national values; job growth expectations; entrepreneurship; MENA region; Middle East; North Africa; Denmark; networking; hierarchical linear modelling.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBG.2013.056879

International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2013 Vol.11 No.4, pp.443 - 459

Published online: 17 Sep 2013 *

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