Title: Estimating the impact of road transport deregulation in short sea shipping: experience from deregulation in the European Union

Authors: Ioannis Koliousis; Panagiotis Koliousis; Stratos Papadimitriou

Addresses: Transportation Systems Laboratory, Department of Maritime Studies, University of Piraeus, Grig. Lambraki 21 & Distomou, Piraeus 18533, Greece ' Transportation Systems Laboratory, Department of Maritime Studies, University of Piraeus, Grig. Lambraki 21 & Distomou, Piraeus 18533, Greece ' Transportation Systems Laboratory, Department of Maritime Studies, University of Piraeus, Grig. Lambraki 21 & Distomou, Piraeus 18533, Greece

Abstract: The European Union has strived for deregulation in the road transport sector on the grounds of improved quality and reduced freight rates on the services offered, protecting the public interest and improving transport services. Extensive research has investigated the impact of road transport sector deregulation on freight rates, security and environment among others. This paper adds to the literature by analysing the impact of the road transport deregulation on the short sea shipping sector. The findings have two important implications for the formation of transport policy: a) regulatory reforms and the provision of stimuli to road freight transport companies have negative effects on short sea shipping; b) environmental benefits can be gained if policies supporting short sea shipping are complemented by focusing on reducing road freight transport externalities, including reducing truck movements based on load factors/empty runs and decreasing the number of trucks.

Keywords: road transport deregulation; short sea shipping; SSS; policy measures; European Union; transport policy; road freight transport; regulatory reforms; environmental benefits; truck movements; load factors; empty runs.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSTL.2013.055284

International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, 2013 Vol.5 No.4/5, pp.500 - 511

Received: 16 Oct 2012
Accepted: 03 Feb 2013

Published online: 24 Jul 2013 *

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