Authors: Arja Kuusisto; Jari Kuusisto
Addresses: SCR/Industrial Management, University of Vaasa, P.O. Box 44, 62101 Lapua, Finland ' SCR/Industrial Management, University of Vaasa, P.O. Box 44, 62101 Lapua, Finland; MIT Sloan School of Management, 100 Main Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Abstract: This survey of 379 firms in Finland demonstrates that firms commonly innovate their process software, equipment and services for in-house use. The key focus of this study is the transfer of user innovations. 35% of the user innovations in our sample were shared with some other company. User innovations were primarily shared with firms that provided support to the innovation process, and with which the innovator had a prior cooperative relationship. The study further examines the diffusion of user innovations from another, complementary angle: we asked whether firms systematically aim to identify user innovations that are created by their customers. Only a fraction of firms had any systematic programme in use, while the great majority followed user innovations randomly. Finally, the firms reported many different kinds of obstacles to making use of user innovations, which we classified under six thematic categories.
Keywords: user innovation; firm level survey; innovation transfer; innovation diffusion; Finland; innovation support.
International Journal of Technology Marketing, 2013 Vol.8 No.2, pp.127 - 141
Received: 25 Jul 2012
Accepted: 26 Feb 2013
Published online: 15 May 2013 *