Title: Community participation of cultural heritage tourism from innovation system perspective

Authors: Xing Huibin; Azizan Marzuki

Addresses: School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang 11800, Malaysia ' School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang 11800, Malaysia

Abstract: Nowadays, tourism has become the second largest source of revenue after the manufacturing industry in Penang. In 2010, Penang received almost six million tourist arrivals. In Penang, cultural heritage is the most important tourism attraction especially after Georgetown, the state capital of Penang, was inscribed as a World Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO in 2008. However, cultural heritage tourism would not be able to achieve sustainable development unless local communities participate in the development process. As such, it has become increasingly important to drive local communities to participate positively in tourism activities under the rapid development of cultural heritage tourism in Penang. In constructing an appropriate community participation model of cultural heritage tourism from the perspective of the innovation system, this research initially reviews the previous studies on community participation in tourism and innovation system, and subsequently analyses the specific characteristics and current situation of cultural heritage tourism by using Penang as an example. Finally, based on the research findings and analysis of secondary data, this article constructs a community participation model of cultural heritage tourism from the perspective of the innovation system.

Keywords: community participation; cultural heritage tourism; CHT; innovation systems; tourism development; Penang; cultural tourism; Malaysia; sustainable development; sustainability; local communities.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSTM.2012.052855

International Journal of Services Technology and Management, 2012 Vol.18 No.3/4, pp.105 - 127

Available online: 25 Mar 2013 *

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