Title: Evaluation of mechanical behaviour of bone, implant and bone-implant interface by numerical simulation of two surgical fixation procedures using finite element analysis

Authors: D. Devika; G. Arumaikkannu

Addresses: School of Mechanical and Building Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu, India. ' Department of Manufacturing Engineering, College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University, Chennai 600025, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract: Patient-specific orthopaedic implant design, fabrication and surgical fixation techniques are challenging one to the surgeons. In this work, a CAD model of human tibia bone and an implant are developed from a Computed Tomography (CT) data. Numerical simulation has been performed for the two surgical fixation procedures such as: all the holes in the implant are screwed; alternate holes are screwed for a simple longitudinal fracture at proximal tibia bone. The mechanical behaviour such as stress, strain and deflection of cortical bone, implant and bone-implant interfaces are evaluated using Finite Element Analysis (FEA).

Keywords: finite element analysis; FEA; custom implants; implant fixation; mechanical behaviour; tibia bone; orthopaedic implants; CAD; simulation; surgical fixation; stress; strain; deflection; bone-implant interfaces; biomechanical engineering; bioengineering.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCAT.2011.045408

International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology, 2011 Vol.42 No.2/3, pp.225 - 232

Published online: 11 Feb 2012 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article