Title: Effects of tobacco (smoking and snuffing) in type 2 diabetic patients

Authors: Ajab Khan; Salman Akbar Malik; Abid Ali Khan; Ashfaq Ahmad; Roshan Ali

Addresses: Department of Biochemistry, Gomal Medical College, D.I. Khan 29050, KPK, Pakistan. ' Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan. ' Center of Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25120, KPK, Pakistan. ' Center of Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25120, KPK, Pakistan. ' Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, 25000, KPK, Pakistan

Abstract: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of tobacco on different biochemical and physical parameters in type 2 diabetic subjects from Dera Ismail Khan, NWFP, Pakistan. A total of 100 chronic type 2 diabetic patients of different age and sex with no tobacco addiction and with tobacco addiction were requested to volunteer their complete biodata on a given Performa. Blood biochemical parameters were determined using Automatic Chemistry Analyzer. Mean fasting glucose level of smoking, snuff, and both addicted diabetic group was non-significantly higher with p-value > 0.05 as compared to control group. Similarly glycosylated hemoglobin level of smoking, snuff addicted diabetic group was also non-significantly higher but that of both addicted group was non-significantly lower with p-value > 0.05. Similarly the cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol levels of smoking, snuff and both addicted diabetic groups were nonsignificantly changed as compared to diabetic control group with p-value > 0.05 respectively. It is concluded that there is no additional adverse effect of tobacco on the biochemistry of diabetic patients.

Keywords: tobacco; Type 2 diabetes; biochemistry; snuff; smoking; hemoglobin; diabetic patients.

DOI: 10.1504/IJFSNPH.2011.044559

International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health, 2011 Vol.4 No.2/3/4, pp.196 - 204

Received: 16 Apr 2011
Accepted: 20 Sep 2011

Published online: 27 Nov 2014 *

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