Title: Microbiological water quality and sampling policy of public swimming pools

Authors: Issam A. Al-Khatib, Reem S. Ghannam

Addresses: Institute of Environmental and Water Studies, Birzeit University, P.O. Box 14, Birzeit, West Bank, Palestine. ' Ministry of Education and Higher Education, Ramallah, Palestine

Abstract: Water samples collected from 100 public swimming pools in the West Bank of the Palestine by health inspectors. The samples were tested for microbiological quality for the years 2003, 2004 and 2005. The overall of unaccepted tested swimming pool water samples were as follows: 35.8% for total Coliforms (TC), 24.4% for faecal Coliforms (FC), 36% for Heterotrophic Plate Count (HPC), 39.3% Enterococci (Ente), and 28% for P. aeruginosa (Pa), 24.3% for Staphylococcus aureus (Sa), and 6.7% for Salmonella (Sal). Therefore, it is necessary to allocate more attention to swimming pool monitoring and evaluation studies to prevent pollution of the swimming water.

Keywords: hygiene; microbiological quality; Palestine; public swimming pools; water quality; water pollution; West Bank.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEE.2011.039454

International Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2011 Vol.3 No.2, pp.192 - 204

Published online: 25 Apr 2015 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article