Title: Distributed model predictive control for multi-agent systems with coupling constraints

Authors: Wei ShanBi, Baocang Ding, Chen Gang, Chai Yi

Addresses: College of Automation, ChongQing University, Chongqing, 400030, China. ' College of Automation, ChongQing University, Chongqing, 400030, China. ' College of Automation, ChongQing University, Chongqing, 400030, China. ' College of Automation, ChongQing University, Chongqing, 400030, China; State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, ChongQing University, Chongqing, 400030, China

Abstract: This paper proposes an improved distributed model predictive control (DMPC) scheme for multi-agent systems with coupling constraints by applying compatibility constraint and deviation penalisation. Firstly, a sufficient condition based on the compatibility constraint to satisfying cooperative coupling constraints is given, which enables control performance and coupling constraints dependent on the compatibility constraint. Then, in order to optimise the control trajectory and to improve the consistency of the actions between agents, the deviation between what an agent is actually doing and what its neighbours believe it is doing is penalised in the cost function. At each sampling instant, the compatibility constraint of each agent is set tighter than the previous sampling instant. The optimal control problem is formulated as quadratic programming with quadratic constraints. Finally, two simulation examples are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

Keywords: distributed MPC; model predictive control; DMPC; compatibility constraints; coupling constraints; deviation penalisation; multi-agent systems; MAS; agent-based systems; optimal control; quadratic programming; simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMIC.2010.034576

International Journal of Modelling, Identification and Control, 2010 Vol.10 No.3/4, pp.238 - 245

Available online: 10 Aug 2010 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article