Title: Viscosity effect on the spreading of PDMS over different solid substrates

Authors: Abdullatif M. Alteraifi, Abdel Hafiz Herbawi, Rachid Chebbi

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, UAE University, P.O. Box 17555, Al Ain, UAE. ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, UAE University, P.O. Box 17555, Al Ain, UAE. ' Department of Chemical Engineering, American University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 26666, Sharjah, UAE

Abstract: This work examines the effect of viscosity as well as the role played by the solid substrate on the spreading kinetics of Polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMS) droplets. In the set of experiments, spreading of PDMS liquids with various viscosities (100 cP, 500 cP, 1000 cP, 10,000 cP) was tested on three different solid substrates (glass, polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and polystyrene (PS)). For high viscosities (PDMS-1000 and PDMS-10,000), the spreading data are found to be nearly independent of the substrates considered. The experimental results are compared with capillary spreading models not based on any fitting parameter. Chebbi model (2000) is found to have a good agreement, extending beyond the lubrication theory range, with the spreading kinetics data on the three solids for 500 cP, 1000 cP and 10,000 cP viscosities. Overall, the model of Diez et al. (1994) presents larger deviations. In the 100 cP viscosity case, gravity effects come into play and systematic and increasing deviations with time are observed with both Chebbi and Diez et al. models as expected since gravity effects are omitted in both models.

Keywords: PDMS droplets; kinetics; polydimethylsiloxanes; PDMS liquids; dynamics; spontaneous spreading; viscosity effect; solid substrates; gravity effects; PDMS spreading.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTAMM.2010.033602

International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Multiscale Mechanics, 2010 Vol.1 No.3, pp.236 - 252

Available online: 07 Jun 2010 *

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