Authors: Olli-Pekka Hilmola
Addresses: Kouvola Research Unit, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Prikaatintie 9, FIN-45100 Kouvola, Finland
Abstract: In transportation studies, global consensus has been reached that railways should replace road transportation in the freight market on a large-scale if the greenhouse effect is to be reduced in the forthcoming decades. However, we know relatively little about the current efficiency situation in railway freight on a global scale and whether it has been able to improve its performance during recent decades. This research uses data envelopment analysis (DEA) to reveal efficiency development in this sector. Research results show that certain countries/regions, like North America, China, Russia, Israel and Baltic States, are showing impressive frontier performance, but the railway freight sector has not been able to improve its efficiency performance during the past decades and efficiency is mostly confined to a small number of countries.
Keywords: railways; freight transport; efficiency performance; data envelopment analysis; DEA; railway freight.
International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, 2009 Vol.1 No.4, pp.311 - 328
Available online: 07 Aug 2009 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article