Title: Performances and benchmarks of container ports using data envelopment analysis

Authors: Jie Wu, Liang Liang

Addresses: School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, He Fei, An Hui Province, 230026, P.R. China. ' School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, He Fei, An Hui Province, 230026, P.R. China

Abstract: In this paper, data envelopment analysis (DEA), an effective tool for relative efficiency assessment, is utilised for measuring the performances and benchmarking of the 77 world container ports in 2007. The used approach in the current study considers four inputs (capacity of cargo handling machines, number of berths, terminal area and storage capacity) and a single output (container throughput). Variable returns to scale are assumed. The results for the efficiency and ranking are analysed. For each of efficient container port, a performance index related to the benchmarks are computed to rank them completely, while for inefficient container ports, a benchmark (virtual target) is provided for each of them, and the benchmarking results are also emphasised.

Keywords: data envelopment analysis; DEA; performance measurement; benchmarking; container ports; cargo handling machines; number of berths; terminal area; storage capacity; container throughput.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSTL.2009.027536

International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, 2009 Vol.1 No.3, pp.295 - 310

Available online: 31 Jul 2009 *

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