Authors: Juan Gomez, Cemal Basaran
Addresses: Applied Mechanics Group, Universidad Eafit, Medellin, Colombia. ' Electronic Packaging Laboratory, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
Abstract: The recent trend towards miniaturisation has pushed the development of non-classical continuum mechanics theories intended to explain the behaviour of materials at small scales. In particular, a wide range of observed size dependent phenomena has been experimentally identified. Two issues arise in the numerical treatment of the theories. Firstly, in a displacement-based finite element approach the need appears for higher orders of continuity in the interpolation functions. Secondly, if non-linear-inelastic material response is expected the theories should be cast in rate form and the corresponding integration algorithms complete the implementation. In this paper we address both problems for the particular case of a Cosserat Couple Stress theory. We describe alternatives for the numerical treatment and then we extend the framework to the case of a rate independent inelastic – non-linear material behaviour. The equations are presented in its flow theory form together with integration algorithms.
Keywords: strain gradient plasticity; size effect; length scale; constitutive modelling; integration algorithms; continuum mechanics; Cosserat couple stress theory; flow theory; kinematic variables; total potential energy; finite element method; FEM.
International Journal of Materials and Product Technology, 2009 Vol.34 No.1/2, pp.3 - 36
Published online: 04 Jan 2009 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article