Authors: Jean-Marie Collin
Addresses: Independent Consultant, France
Abstract: Largely unknown, the history of the accession of South Africa to nuclear weapon status resulted from a programme launched secretly in 1974, benefiting from secret cooperation from Israel, Germany and France. This programme was stopped by President De Klerk as of 1989, which allowed his country to ratify the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1991. It was the first example in the world of a country giving up nuclear weapons and was done in very particular circumstances: the collapse of the Berlin Wall and the prospect of apartheid ending and thus the transfer of power to the ANC.
Keywords: clandestine nuclear weapons programme; President De Klerk; denuclearisation process; South African nuclear tests; South Africa; nuclear deterrent; Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty; NPT.
Atoms for Peace: an International Journal, 2008 Vol.2 No.2, pp.180 - 187
Available online: 20 Sep 2008 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article