Title: An evaluation of the uneasy transition towards social enterprise UK

Authors: Nnamdi O. Madichie, Magdalena Read

Addresses: Business School, University of East London, 4–6 University Way, London E16 2RD, UK. ' Magda Read Associates, P.O. Box 242, Gainsborough DN21 9AN, UK

Abstract: Owing to ebbing grant funding in the UK in recent years the drive for transforming Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Voluntary and Community Sector Organisations (VCSOs) from grant-seeking to Socially Enterprising (SE) activity has gathered momentum. However, engaging in entrepreneurial activities requires scaling hurdles in order for firms to successfully break out of the entrenched |dependability| culture. In this paper, we argue that |sustainability| can only be achieved incrementally from |dependability| through |self-sufficiency|. In doing so, we highlight the uneasy entrepreneurial metamorphosis based on a two-tier survey of BMEs in the Yorkshire and Humber Region of England.

Keywords: black minorities; ethnic minorities; BME; capacity building; social enterprise; SE; voluntary and community sector organisations; VCSOs; Yorkshire and Humber Region; UK; United Kingdom; grants; funding; entrepreneurship; sustainability.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMED.2008.018758

International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, 2008 Vol.5 No.4, pp.393 - 409

Published online: 16 Jun 2008 *

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