Title: Experimental validation of an improved underwater sphere-target localisation scheme for an autonomous underwater vehicle manipulator system
Authors: Tianchi Zhang; Yong Tan; Xing Liu; Zhenzhong Chu
Addresses: College of Information Science and Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing, 400074, China ' College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, 150001, China ' College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, 150001, China ' School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200093, China
Abstract: In this study, an underwater sphere-target localisation method based on non-parallel binocular vision for an autonomous underwater vehicle manipulator system (AUVMS) is investigated. Existing extraction methods for underwater targets require considerable processing time, such that the real-time requirements for an AUVMS are not satisfied, and the shape features of the targets are not considered. In this study, an underwater target extraction method with reduced processing time is developed based on the known target edge constraint. The experimental results show that the developed method requires less time than the existing target extraction methods and satisfies the real-time requirements. In addition, the localisation precision of existing target localisation methods is relatively low, which leads to a low rate of successful implementation for an AUVMS. To solve this problem, a secondary compensation-based target localisation method is developed. A theoretical analysis is also presented. The experimental results show that the developed target localisation method can effectively improve the localisation accuracy and rate of successful implementation.
Keywords: AUVMS; autonomous underwater vehicle manipulator system; target extraction; target localisation; secondary compensation; binocular vision.
International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2023 Vol.91 No.1/2/3, pp.67 - 86
Received: 12 Nov 2021
Received in revised form: 23 Feb 2022
Accepted: 25 Apr 2022
Published online: 22 May 2023 *