You can view the full text of this article for free using the link below.

Title: Developing and validating a scale to measure the perceived value of sport spectators

Authors: Fereshteh Sameie; Alireza Elahi; Mostafa Afshari

Addresses: Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Arak University, Arak, Iran ' Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, No. 43, Shahid Mofatteh Ave., Tehran, Iran ' Sport Management Department, Sport Management Research Centre, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran

Abstract: This study was purposed to develop and validate a questionnaire to measure the perceived value of sport spectators. Reviewing the theoretical background of perceived value in the marketing management and semi-structured qualitative interviews were two deemed methods used to identify components and items of the questionnaire. The results have demonstrated six main factors including: product, service, brand, personal, psychological and social benefits which affect the perceived benefits of spectators. Also, they have revealed other five main factors including financial, time, physical, psychological and social costs affecting the perceived costs of the spectators. Therefore, sport managers are advised to improve factors associated with the stadium, such as effective management, spectator safety, facilities and welfare.

Keywords: perceived value; spectators; cost-benefit; football; attendance.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSMM.2023.130434

International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 2023 Vol.23 No.1/2, pp.135 - 153

Received: 01 Mar 2021
Accepted: 02 Apr 2022

Published online: 20 Apr 2023 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Free access Comment on this article