Title: The productivity of technological networks in the Amazon innovation system: an analysis about the Triple Helix system in the state of Pará

Authors: Phelipe André Matos-Cruz; Márcia Jucá Teixeira-Diniz; Jorge Omar Moreno-Treviño

Addresses: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia (PPGE), Insituto de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas (ICSA), Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA), R. Augusto Corrêa, 01 – Guamá, Belém – PA, 66075-110, Brazil ' Núcleo de Altos Estudos da Amazônia (NAEA), Faculdade and Programa de Pós-Graduação em, Economia of the Instituto de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas, Universidade Federal do Pará (FACECON- PPGE-UFPA), R. Augusto Corrêa, 01 – Guamá, Belém – PA, 66075-110, Brazil ' Facultad de Economía, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Av. Lázaro Cárdenas 4600, Monterrey, N.L. 64690, Mexico

Abstract: One of the biggest challenges for the economic science is understanding sustainable practices of innovation. In this sense, we analysed factors contributing to the improvement and continuity of partnerships between university, government, and industry. For this, we observed institutional partnerships in Pará (Amazon region) according to the structure of the Triple Helix model. We applied the data envelopment analysis (DEA) to measure their technological productivity and the social network analysis (SNA) to illustrate their connections. We found that the insufficiency of the transformation industry might have limited the entrepreneurial potential of universities and the development of the innovation system in that region. This way, our experiment contributes to the Amazon innovation system (AIS) knowledge and attends to recent calls to adapt traditional models to present different realities of technological collaboration.

Keywords: triple helix model; Amazonian innovation system; productivity; social network analysis; SNA; data envelopment analysis; DEA.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2023.130107

International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 2023 Vol.33 No.3, pp.366 - 392

Received: 11 Jan 2022
Accepted: 10 Mar 2022

Published online: 05 Apr 2023 *

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