Title: Defining virtual reality enabled learning

Authors: Chen Li; Horace Ho Shing Ip

Addresses: Department of Computing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, SAR, Hong Kong ' The Department of Computer Science, Centre for Innovative Applications of Internet and Multimedia Technologies (AIMtech Centre), City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, SAR, Hong Kong

Abstract: Virtual reality (VR), as a set of human-computer interaction (HCI) technologies, allows the creation of computer-generated virtual environments, in which users are free to interact with the environments, virtual objects, agents, or even other users. Previous empirical studies have demonstrated the feasibility and effectiveness of using VR for education. However, the ambiguity in the definition has caused both theoretical and practical obstacles in this research area. This article aims to address this issue by considering the interdisciplinary nature of this research area. Specifically, the term VR-enabled learning is coined here, and the definition of VR-enabled learning is decomposed into five dimensions of concerns, namely immersion, presence, pedagogy, intended learning outcomes, and learner specifics. These five dimensions of concerns should not only help to address the ambiguity in the definition but also serve as a framework to guide the planning and practising of future research studies in VR-enabled learning.

Keywords: virtual reality; immersion; presence; pedagogy; learning outcome; learner specifics.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2022.122128

International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 2022 Vol.31 No.3, pp.291 - 306

Received: 10 May 2021
Accepted: 10 Nov 2021

Published online: 08 Apr 2022 *

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