Title: Obtaining biodiesel from seeds of Ricinus communis: methodological proposal

Authors: Manuel Flota-Bañuelos; Carlos A. Victoria-Graniel; Liliana San-Pedro; Emanuel Hernández-Núñez; Luis Díaz-Ballote; Laura A. Paniagua-Solar; Carlos A. Victoria-Pérez; Nallely Téllez-Méndez

Addresses: Engineering Faculty, Autonomous University of Yucatan, Av. Industrias no contaminantes por Periférico norte, P.O. Box 150 Cordemex, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico ' National Technological Institute of Mexico (Tizimín Campus), Km. 3.5 Final Highway Airport Cupul to Tizimín, 97000, Tizimín, Yucatán, Mexico ' Engineering Faculty, Autonomous University of Yucatan, Av. Industrias no contaminantes por Periférico norte, P.O. Box 150 Cordemex, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico ' Center of Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Merida Unit. Km. 6 Old Highway to Progreso P.O. Box 73, Cordemex, 97310, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico ' Center of Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Merida Unit. Km. 6 Old Highway to Progreso P.O. Box 73, Cordemex, 97310, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico ' Benemerita Autonomous University of Puebla, 4th Street South 104, Center, 72000, Puebla, Puebla, Mexico ' National Technological Institute of Mexico (Tizimín Campus), Km. 3.5 Final Highway Airport Cupul to Tizimín, 97000, Tizimín, Yucatán, Mexico ' Benemerita Autonomous University of Puebla, 4th Street South 104, Center, 72000, Puebla, Puebla, Mexico

Abstract: In the present research, obtaining biodiesel by transesterification of vegetable oil contained in the wild seeds of Ricinus communis using methanol in the presence of sodium hydroxide as a catalyst and varying the oil/methanol ratios in the reactor of transesterification, was studied. To determine the possibility of using biodiesel as a fuel in internal combustion engines, the final product was characterised according to the criteria specified by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the European Organization Standardization (EN), in ASTM D6751 and EN 14214, respectively. The results indicate that the 1:9 molar ratio is the most efficient, with the biodiesel obtained meets most of the parameters established by the ASTM and the EN. Thus, the methodology proposed to produce biodiesel from ricino seeds is feasible, since the final biodiesel presents favourable characteristics for its use as an alternative biofuel. [Received: January 10, 2021; Accepted: March 26, 2021]

Keywords: biodiesel; methoxid; Ricinus communis; transesterification; methodology; biofuel; oil; seeds; catalysis; cold extrusion.

DOI: 10.1504/IJOGCT.2021.10042504

International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 2022 Vol.29 No.4, pp.408 - 425

Received: 25 Jul 2020
Accepted: 26 Mar 2021

Published online: 28 Feb 2022 *

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