Authors: Mustafa Serdar Genç; Ramazan Özkan
Addresses: Wind Engineering and Aerodynamics Research Laboratory, Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey; Energy Conversion and Research and Application Center, Erciyes University, 38039, Kayseri, Turkey ' Wind Engineering and Aerodynamics Research Laboratory, Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey; Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Mugla Sıtkı Koçman University, Kötekli, Turkey
Abstract: The aerodynamic and structural designs of the blades are very important to increase the energy output and strength of the turbine. Composite materials are utilised in wind turbines and composite properties such as material type, layer thickness, layer number, layer angles can be optimised to design a composite structure. This paper includes the determination study of optimum layer sequence. For this study, ANSYS Composites PrepPost Module (ACP) was run to model composite layers of the wind turbine blade. Moreover, the composite turbine blade was analysed using fluid-structure interaction (FSI) in terms of determination of pressure distribution over the blade and strength behaviour based on this pressure distribution. According to the analysis results, lower deformations were obtained at 0° orientation angles and upper deformations were seen at 90° orientation angles. Moreover, the equivalent stress at the 90° orientation angle was minimum and the maximum equivalent stress occurred at the 45° orientation.
Keywords: wind energy; wind turbine blades; composite materials; layer sequence.
International Journal of Sustainable Aviation, 2021 Vol.7 No.4, pp.354 - 371
Received: 15 Apr 2021
Accepted: 05 Aug 2021
Published online: 14 Dec 2021 *