Title: Intergenerational mobility of education and occupation in Pakistan: a multinomial logistic analysis

Authors: Fareed Shareef; Toseef Azid; Nasim Shah Shirazi

Addresses: Education Colleges, Multan, Pakistan ' Department of Economics and Finance, College of Business and Economics, Qassim University, Buraidah, Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia ' College of Islamic Studies, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar

Abstract: The present study uses a sample of 613 households and attempts to find intergenerational transmission through non-monetary factors such as education and occupations. The results from the logistic regression models are mixtures of opposites, hence more challenging to draw a factual finding from these estimates. For unskilled and managerial ranks of occupation, the findings support the hypothesis, but for skilled non-manual, it does not. The results for the other ranks turn out to be significant. For mothers, results turned out to be insignificant and hence excluded from the analysis. Regarding the impact of parental education on the occupational placement of offspring, the findings for mothers' education have been found significant for unskilled and skilled manual ranks and fathers' education only for unskilled rank. However, the results of the dummy created for occupational mobility has been found significant and supporting the hypothesis for all ranks except for skilled non-manual rank.

Keywords: intergenerational mobility; education; occupation; multinomial logistic analysis; Pakistan.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEED.2021.118385

International Journal of Education Economics and Development, 2021 Vol.12 No.4, pp.360 - 380

Received: 26 May 2020
Accepted: 22 Sep 2020

Published online: 25 Oct 2021 *

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