Title: A problem-solving approach in instructional technology for large-sized classes

Authors: Haruo Nishinosono, Shiho Mochizuki, Hitoshi Miyata

Addresses: Bukkyo University, 96 Hananobo Murasakino, Kitaku Kyoto, Japan. ' Institute for Learning Development, No. 714 Momoyama Grand Heights, Higashi-Bugyocho, Fushimiku Kyoto, Japan ' Shiga University, 2–5–1 Hiratsu, Ootsu Shiga, Japan

Abstract: The most convenient media for learning are printed materials and mobile phones, but these require a sophisticated instructional strategy, a well-defined finite framework and procedure for developing high-quality learning. Different types of knowledge representations and four stages – metaphor, image, model and proposition – implementing instructional technology are introduced in this paper.

Keywords: instructional design; ubiquitous learning; knowledge creation; empirical approach; technology divides; instructional technology; web based communities; Japan; knowledge representation; metaphor; image; model; proposition.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWBC.2006.011760

International Journal of Web Based Communities, 2006 Vol.2 No.3, pp.285 - 301

Published online: 20 Dec 2006 *

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