Title: Effect of earnings smoothness on firm performance: a study of Indian National Stock Exchange

Authors: Shikhil Munjal; Gurcharan Singh; Bashir Tijjani

Addresses: School of Management Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, 147002, India ' School of Management Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, 147002, India ' Department of Accounting, Imam AbdulRahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, 31441, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The aim of this study is to empirically examine the impact of earnings smoothness on operational and market performance of Indian National Stock Exchange (NSE) using panel data. The dynamic generalised method of moment is utilised in this study. The study covers a period of seven years (2013-2019) and the sample firms were drawn from companies listed on NSE 500 Index. The results revealed a significant effect of earning smoothing on company's operational as well as market performance. These results are consistent with a number of prior studies which found that both ROA and Tobin's Q affect the earning smoothness. Similarly, firms with non-smooth earnings are significantly affected by only ROA. Findings from this study will enable researchers to understand the role of earnings quality in shaping company decisions, not only in the Indian context, but also for the rest of the world.

Keywords: earning quality; smoothness; NSE; National Stock Exchange; return on asset; ROA; Tobin's Q.

DOI: 10.1504/JGBA.2021.116723

Journal for Global Business Advancement, 2021 Vol.14 No.3, pp.335 - 356

Received: 14 Apr 2021
Accepted: 15 Apr 2021

Published online: 30 Jul 2021 *

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