Title: Disconnected connectivity and the information and communication technology for development (ICT4D) initiatives in Bangladesh

Authors: Abureza M. Muzareba

Addresses: Department of Marketing, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh

Abstract: This paper presents insights on the use of Information and Communication Technology for Development (ICT4D) in Bangladesh. It uses qualitative research approach and incorporates perspectives of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) users, ICT4D project officials, government officials, ICT experts, and development experts. It examines three cases that use e-learning (learning using electronic device) as an informal means of learning. Thematic data analysis shows that ICT4D initiatives follow a top-down approach which underestimates aspirations of end-users to adopt ICT. Lack of social acceptance of ICT4D often undermines considerable economic gains earned by technopreneurs (internet-based entrepreneurs). Notions of disconnectedness are instilled by ICT4D project priorities that limit rural people's conceptualisation of ICT, disconnecting them from sensing broader perspectives of it. Exclusion of academicians in knowledge encoding process for e-learning, and development of ICT4D discourses reflecting incomplete scenarios are the other instances of disconnectedness.

Keywords: information and communication technology for development; disconnected; connectivity; technopreneur; e-learning; Bangladesh.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTEL.2021.115977

International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, 2021 Vol.13 No.3, pp.266 - 283

Received: 20 Mar 2019
Accepted: 04 Apr 2020

Published online: 06 Jul 2021 *

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