Authors: Hua Han; Huai-fa Wang; An Liu
Addresses: College of Mining Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, Shanxi, China ' College of Mining Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, Shanxi, China ' College of Mining Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, Shanxi, China
Abstract: The flotation of fine coal particles has been a long-standing challenge in coal processing industry. In this study, the influence of hydrodynamic cavitation pretreatment (HCP) on coal flotation was investigated. A special HCP experiment system was designed for the conditioning of pulp based on the cavitation phenomenon through a venturi tube. Flotation results indicate that, compared with the conventional flotation method, HCP increases combustible recovery of concentrate by about 5%, besides, 50% collector dosage or 25% frother dosage can be saved with HCP under the same combustible recovery of concentrate. Meanwhile, HCP enhances the flotation rate constant by 9.41%. The sieving analysis of flotation products reveals that HCP flotation has a better response for fine coal particles relative to that of coarse coal particles. The bubble observation tests confirm the existence of micro-nano bubbles generated by HCP and the selective generation of micro-nano bubbles on the surface of coal. In addition, HCP leads to an obvious improvement of dispersion of collector. The aggregation of fine coal particles caused by HCP is another important contribution for the coal flotation. [Received: May 18, 2019; Accepted: March 28, 2020]
Keywords: coal flotation; hydrodynamic cavitation pretreatment; HCP; fine particles; micro-nano bubbles; collector dispersion; aggregation.
International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 2021 Vol.27 No.2, pp.152 - 168
Received: 18 May 2019
Accepted: 28 Mar 2020
Published online: 01 Jun 2021 *