Title: Spontaneous environmental action practice case based on the Fushan Fishery Resource Conservation Area

Authors: Wen-Ching Wang; Min-Hau Tsai

Addresses: Department of Information Science and Management Systems, National Taitung University, No. 369, Sec. 2, University Rd., Taitung 95092, Taiwan ' Department of Business Administration, National Dong Hwa University, No. 1, Sec. 2, Da Hsueh Rd., Shou-Feng, Hualien, 974, Taiwan

Abstract: In this study, a qualitative analysis was used to explore the implementation process, functions, and impacts of 63 action plans carried out by the Fushan Fisheries Conservation Area in Taitung County. The following four empirical models were developed based on the results of the analysis: 1) fostering the capabilities of local fishermen; 2) the establishment of a cooperation mechanism; 3) the empowerment of local conservation activists; 4) planning for the use and transformation of fishing villages into sites for ecotourism. The environmental actions adopted for the said area are currently still being effectively implemented. It has been determined through empirical interviews that the main reason for the success of the area lies in the fact that no economic incentives are provided to mobilise the villagers, which in turn, guarantees that the willingness to engage in environmental actions is not affected by economic changes. These empirical models may therefore serve as relevant actionable solutions in other resource conservation areas.

Keywords: resource conservation area; citizen participation; empower; blue economy.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSD.2021.115225

International Journal of Sustainable Development, 2021 Vol.24 No.1, pp.1 - 27

Received: 03 Apr 2020
Accepted: 13 Nov 2020

Published online: 20 May 2021 *

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