Title: The effectiveness of freight costs on trade potentials between China and European Union, Middle East, North African countries under China-Pakistan Corridor

Authors: Osman Ghanem; Li Xuemei; Khalid Mehmood Alam; Saranjam Baig

Addresses: School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China ' School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China ' School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China; Center for Research on China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Karakoram International University, Gilgit 15100, Pakistan ' Center for Research on China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Karakoram International University, Gilgit 15100, Pakistan

Abstract: The study tries to estimate the trade potentials might be raised by comparing the current maritime route of One Belt One Road initiative and new maritime route in particular with the China-Pakistan Corridor as a result of the changing freight costs, shipping period and distance between European Union (EU), Middle East, North African countries (MENA) and China. To estimate trade potentials, qualitative and descriptive statistical methods will be used to compare the real and predicted trade. The results reveal that China and the EU, MENA can increase trade potentials and show that average predicted freight costs, shipping period and distance between China and EU are decreased by $1,545, 16.3 days and 10,084 km respectively, and the average predicted freight costs, shipping period and distance between China and the MENA are decreased by $1,695, 17.2 days and 10,477 km respectively.

Keywords: freight cost; trade potential; European Union; EU; Middle East, North African countries; MENA; China-Pakistan Corridor.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSTL.2021.113988

International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, 2021 Vol.13 No.3/4, pp.327 - 359

Received: 27 Jul 2019
Accepted: 07 Jan 2020

Published online: 19 Mar 2021 *

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