Title: LMX, POS, and task environment as antecedents of entrepreneurial orientation in family business

Authors: Arif Nugroho; Josef Budi Hendrawidjaja; Budi Widjaja Soetjipto

Addresses: Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Pertiwi, Kota Bekasi, Jawa Barat 17112, Indonesia; Faculty Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat 16424, Indonesia ' Faculty Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat 16424, Indonesia ' Faculty Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia, Kota Depok, Jawa Barat 16424, Indonesia; Universitas Pertamina, Kebayoran Lama, Jakarta 12220, Indonesia

Abstract: Family business is facing an uphill challenge to survive and grow. Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) is one extensive strategy that may provide the solutions. To be comprehensive, our EO construct model considers important antecedents such as internal organisation aspect represented by perceived organisational support (POS), individual element served by leader-member exchange (LMX) and environmental factor acted by perceived task environment (PTE). Our research focuses on how these concepts would relate to EO by building hypothesis and empirical analysis of their respective relations. This study also proposes motivation as alternative non-financial performance measurement of EO. The research was conducted using quantitative empirical analysis of 150 top management team (TMT) representing 51 business units with family context in emerging nation. This study shows that although they might have different significance, all three concepts are positively related to EO and it is plausible to incorporate motivation as the result of EO research.

Keywords: entrepreneurial orientation; motivation; perceived organisational support; POS; leader-member exchange; LMX; task environment.

DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.110892

International Journal of Learning and Change, 2020 Vol.12 No.4, pp.395 - 415

Received: 31 Jul 2018
Accepted: 11 Mar 2019

Published online: 16 Sep 2020 *

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