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Title: Hedging voyage charter rates on illiquid routes

Authors: Andrés G. Mirantes; Javier Población; Gregorio Serna

Addresses: IES de Candás, Carretera del Faro 17, 33430 Candás, Asturias, Spain ' Banco de España, C/Alcalá 48, 28014, Madrid, Spain ' Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Alcalá, Plaza de la Victoria, 2, 28802 – Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain

Abstract: Freight prices are heterogeneous, and not all the routes have the same liquidity of spot or futures prices; therefore, sometimes there are problems related to one, or more, route hedges. In this paper, we develop a methodology to hedge the price risk of one route using other routes' futures contracts. The main result of this paper is that we can hedge, with a great fit, the price risk of one route using other routes' futures contracts. The hedging results obtained with our methodology outperform those obtained with standard simple regression procedures.

Keywords: freight rate; world scale; WS; hedging methodology; Kalman filter.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSTL.2020.107231

International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, 2020 Vol.12 No.3, pp.197 - 211

Received: 21 Nov 2017
Accepted: 19 Dec 2018

Published online: 11 May 2020 *

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