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Title: A panel data analysis on the institutional determinants of foreign direct investment inflows: commonalities between India and China

Authors: Priya Gupta

Addresses: Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi – 110075, India

Abstract: Developing as well as developed countries seek to attract Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) due to its multiple advantages for economic development. Several studies have been conducted to find out the economic determinants affecting the FDI inflows across the world but not much has been explored on the institutional factors affecting FDI inflows in emerging economies. Therefore, this paper aims to determine whether institutional quality has any significant impact on the FDI inflows in the specific context of India and China using panel data analysis. Under this technique, all the three regression models, i.e., pooled ordinary least square, fixed effects, and random effects are tested to explore the institutional determinants impacting FDI inflows. The empirical results of the modified random effect model reveal that the country's risk rating on corruption and gender parity index are the two most significant institutional determinants impacting the FDI inflows in both India and China commonly.

Keywords: foreign direct investment; FDI; institutional determinants; panel data analysis; gender parity index; corruption; India; China; fixed and random effect model.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCM.2019.10027356

International Journal of Comparative Management, 2019 Vol.2 No.3/4, pp.247 - 272

Received: 06 Jun 2019
Accepted: 24 Sep 2019

Published online: 23 Mar 2020 *

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