Title: Numerical minimisation of abrasive-dust wear in internal combustion engines

Authors: Abdulaziz Alfadhli; Abdullah Alazemi; Emad Khorshid

Addresses: Automotive & Marine Engineering Technology Department, College of Technological Studies, PAAET, P.O. Box 42325, Shuwaikh 70654, Kuwait ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwait ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwait

Abstract: This paper presents a mathematical model to predict the abrasive wear of piston ring and cylinder sleeve in internal combustion engines due to dust particles. A parametric study is conducted on different group factors such as the abrasive action of the medium, engine design parameters, and engine physio-mechanical properties of the materials. The model reveals that it accurately predicts the effect of numerous factors on the wear process for the piston ring and cylinder sleeve. The model capabilities are demonstrated by the impact of air filtration efficiency on the engine component wear rate. It is found that dust particle size and concentration have significant effects on piston ring and cylinder sleeve wear rates. The numerical results show that the wear rate of both the piston ring and cylinder sleeve can be reduced by 80% when the air filter efficiency is increased from 97.8% to 99.4%.

Keywords: abrasive wear; air filtration; internal combustion engine; dusty environment; mathematical modelling; particle dust properties.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSURFSE.2020.105891

International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering, 2020 Vol.14 No.1, pp.68 - 88

Received: 17 Jun 2019
Accepted: 21 Sep 2019

Published online: 10 Mar 2020 *

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