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Title: Business ecosystem perspective on innovation policy: a case study of San Diego life sciences

Authors: Jukka Majava; Satu Rinkinen; Vesa Harmaakorpi

Addresses: Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4610, FI-90014, Finland ' LUT Lahti, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Saimaankatu 11, FI-15140, Finland ' LUT Lahti, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Saimaankatu 11, FI-15140, Finland

Abstract: This paper applies a business ecosystem perspective to analyse innovation policy. The research utilised a case study on San Diego, which is one of the top three life sciences ecosystems in the world. Unlike previous studies, this research is an analysis of the ecosystem's evolution in each life-cycle phase - birth, expansion, leadership and self-renewal - and the key innovation policy measures related to these phases. The findings indicate that traditional policy measures must be reconsidered in the era of business ecosystems.

Keywords: business ecosystem; innovation; innovation policy; learning; life sciences; San Diego.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.103886

International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 2020 Vol.27 No.1, pp.19 - 36

Received: 10 Oct 2018
Accepted: 08 Jan 2019

Published online: 27 Nov 2019 *

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