Title: Computational study of drug delivery in tumorous human airways

Authors: Vivek Kumar Srivastav; Akshoy Ranjan Paul; Anuj Jain

Addresses: Department of Applied Mechanics, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Allahabad-211004, India ' Department of Applied Mechanics, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Allahabad-211004, India ' Department of Applied Mechanics, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Allahabad-211004, India

Abstract: There is increasing interest in the research of direct drug delivery in respiratory tract because of its attractiveness to produce greater therapeutic benefits for the treatment of pulmonary diseases and systemic diseases. In the present study, airway respiratory model was constructed from CT scan images. A tumour was artificially created in the trachea of the respiratory model for the CFD simulation of the aerosol-particles transport and its deposition on the tumour. The CFD simulation was carried out for three air inhalation flow rates: 20, 40 and 60 L/min, and three particle sizes of 1, 5 and 10 µm to determine the effect of these parameters on the deposition efficiency of the particles on the tumour. The results show that the maximum aerosol deposition on the tumour occurs at 60 L/min inhalation rate for 5-10 µm aerosol-particles size. The findings will be useful to maximise therapeutic benefits of respiratory drug delivery.

Keywords: human airway model; tumorous trachea; aerosol-particle deposition; computational fluid dynamics; CFD; drug delivery.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCSM.2019.103676

International Journal of Computing Science and Mathematics, 2019 Vol.10 No.5, pp.459 - 475

Available online: 21 Nov 2019 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article