Title: An overview on nuclear desalination

Authors: Aly Karameldin

Addresses: Reactors Department, Nuclear Research Center, Atomic Energy Authority, PO Box 13759 Inshas, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract: One of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy is in freshwater production. The present work focuses on the recent world water situation, large-scale desalination processes, electricity production, and the features required by advanced inherent and passive safe reactors. The relevant economical assessment of these adapted reactors for water-electricity cogeneration have been carried out and compared with the non-nuclear desalination methods. This assessment indicates that nuclear methods, by advanced inherent and passive safe nuclear power plants, are viable for water-electricity cogeneration and combatant more than ever in the recent crude oil situation. In such a case, PBMR and GT-MHR reactors must be taken into consideration as promising reactors for water-electricity cogeneration.

Keywords: co-generation; electricity projection; inherent save reactors; nuclear desalination; nuclear energy situation; water shortage-passive reactor; water cost; world water shortage; freshwater production; atoms for peace; seawater desalination; nuclear power.

DOI: 10.1504/AFP.2006.010344

Atoms for Peace: an International Journal, 2006 Vol.1 No.2/3, pp.206 - 215

Published online: 15 Jul 2006 *

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