Title: The impacts of the geographical location on the performance of PV system - Skikda in Algeria and Atbara in Sudan: case study

Authors: Osman Abdeen; Mourad Mordjaoui; Salim Haddad; Bouabaz Asma

Addresses: Electrical Engineering Department, University of 20 août 1955, Skikda, Algeria ' LRPCSI Laboratory, Electrical Engineering Department, University of 20 août 1955, Skikda, Algeria ' LRPCSI Laboratory, Electrical Engineering Department, University of 20 août 1955, Skikda, Algeria ' Electrical Engineering Department, University of 20 août 1955, Skikda, Algeria

Abstract: It is very important to use a simulation tool for photovoltaic system to know the generating energy according to the geographical location and to choose the optimal operating for photovoltaic system. This paper study the impacts of geographical location on the output of energy from photovoltaic system (5 MW) particularly apply in Skikda and Atbara, to compare annual energy output in order to select the best site to connect with the grid. The comparison which has been, done using four methods for controlling the photovoltaic array, by PVsyst program. The results of simulation show the total quantity of electrical annual energy produced by photovoltaic system in Atbara is greater than that which produced with same system in Skikda, about 18.66%, 16.49%, 18.60%, and 8.93% of the energy injected into grid in Skikda for fixed tilt, seasonal tilt, tracking horizontal and tracking vertical respectively.

Keywords: photovoltaic; PV; PVsyst; geographical location; effective energy; average temperature; fixed tilt; seasonal tilt; tracking horizontal; tracking vertical; annual energy; Algeria; Sudan.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRET.2019.10023910

International Journal of Renewable Energy Technology, 2019 Vol.10 No.4, pp.328 - 347

Received: 24 Oct 2018
Accepted: 06 Mar 2019

Published online: 11 Sep 2019 *

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