Title: 'Are women their own enemy?' Exploration through implicit association test in the Indian public sector organisations

Authors: Anindita Ghosh; Tanusree Dutta; Gaurav Manohar Marathe

Addresses: Indian Institute of Management, Ranchi, 5th Floor Suchana Bhawan, Meur's Road Audrey House Campus, Ranchi, Jharkhand 834008, India ' Indian Institute of Management, Ranchi, 5th Floor Suchana Bhawan, Meur's Road Audrey House Campus, Ranchi, Jharkhand 834008, India ' Indian Institute of Management, Ranchi, 5th Floor Suchana Bhawan, Meur's Road Audrey House Campus, Ranchi, Jharkhand 834008, India

Abstract: This study focuses on understanding the glass ceiling effect by exploring implicit gender bias against women at two organisational levels (senior and junior) in Indian public sector organisations. In effect, the study also attempts to understand the extent of success of governmental measures and organisational interventions in mitigating the existing gender bias. The study used implicit association test (IAT) to make classification judgments about names (male/female) and words (positive/negative). A three-way mixed ANOVA was carried out to understand the effect of gender, and work experience with response time. The findings suggest that there is implicit gender bias against women at senior levels with women showing stronger implicit bias against women at senior levels. Another finding of the study states there is no implicit gender bias against women at the entry level in the organisation indicating the partial success of pro-active governmental and organisation measures in reducing the glass ceiling effect.

Keywords: glass ceiling; implicit bias; implicit association test; IAT; public sector organisations; India.

DOI: 10.1504/IJICBM.2019.101194

International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, 2019 Vol.19 No.1, pp.81 - 102

Received: 27 Mar 2018
Accepted: 20 Nov 2018

Published online: 09 Jul 2019 *

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