Forthcoming articles


Journal for Global Business Advancement


These articles have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in JGBA, but are pending final changes, are not yet published and may not appear here in their final order of publication until they are assigned to issues. Therefore, the content conforms to our standards but the presentation (e.g. typesetting and proof-reading) is not necessarily up to the Inderscience standard. Additionally, titles, authors, abstracts and keywords may change before publication. Articles will not be published until the final proofs are validated by their authors.


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J. for Global Business Advancement (38 papers in press)


Regular Issues


  • Integration of competency model into human resource systems: its impact on organisation performance and human resource function
    by Asim Talukdar 

  • In search of success factor for a sustainable macro entrepreneurship and enterprise education policy: evidence from the European Union
    by Syeda-Masooda Mukhtar, Jim Redman 

  • International joint venture marketing performance in China: a resource-based approach
    by Craig C. Julian, Junqian Xu 

  • Total quality management and its effect on SMEs performance
    by Muslim Amin 

  • Analysing the relationship between advertising and sales promotion with brand equity
    by Haim Hilman Abdullah, Jalal Hanaysha 

  • Financial Cost Benefit Analysis of high school education in Hewl
    by Tara Ahmed H. Chawsheen 

  • A review of Saudisation and the Niataqat programme to indiginise the labour market in Saudi Arabia
    by Muhammad Asad Sadi 

  • Rightly link specific market orientation and innovation strategy to boost the performance of hotels   Order a copy of this article
    by Haim Hilman, Narentheren Kaliappen 
    Abstract: This paper examines the right linkage of specific market orientation, innovation strategy and organisational performance of 114 hotels in Malaysia. The research framework was created and further multiple regressions were performed to verify the hypotheses. These research findings confirmed that all hypotheses give valuable indications on the strategic linkage of specific market orientation and innovation strategy to pursue for improved organisational performance. The results highlighted hotels that are pursuing competitor orientation focused on process innovation or on service innovation. The results show that competitor orientation, customer orientation, process innovation and service innovation have a significant effect on organisational performance. Remarkably, this research found process innovation partially mediates the association between competitor orientation and performance, while service innovation partially mediates the association of customer orientation and performance. Consequently, this paper provides noteworthy information to the hoteliers. The crucial unique contribution is the development of an integrated model that links specific market orientation, innovation strategy and organisational performance of hotels in Malaysia.
    Keywords: market orientation; innovation strategy; performance; hotel industry; Malaysia.

  • The influence of relationship quality on brand equity: empirical insights from Malaysia   Order a copy of this article
    by Haim Hilman, Jalal Hanaysha 
    Abstract: Brand equity and customer relationships are two important areas of research that received remarkable interest in the literature. This study examines the impact of relationship quality on brand equity in the Malaysian automotive market. The primary data were collected using questionnaire at large shopping malls from a sample of 287 car users in the northern region of Malaysia. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was employed to generate the results. The findings suggest that relationship quality has a significant positive impact on brand equity and its dimensions in the Malaysian automotive industry. The results provide useful insights and suggestions to auto manufacturers serving the Malaysian market in branding-strategy development. This study makes a valuable contribution given the fact that there are limited empirical research works of this nature focusing on Malaysia. It also opens avenues for future research directions to enhance the understanding of relationship quality role in developing brand equity.
    Keywords: automotive sector; brand equity; relationship quality; Malaysia.

  • Globalisation of retailing and implications for India   Order a copy of this article
    by Dwarika Prasad Uniyal 
    Abstract: The Indian retail sector has seen a gradual though steady metamorphosis over the last decade. Despite the myriad advances over the years, the sector continues to remain highly fragmented; it is still primarily dominated by the unorganised segment, reflected in the quintessential traditional family-run stores. The entry of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) into the retail sector has always been a contentious issue, as a result of the well-documented proclivity of our policy-makers to dither and delay decision-making on key aspects stemming from political risks at large. Retail internationalisation has become central to the future plans of many retailers, especially during the last decades. It has to be noted, however, that despite the rapid growth of retail operations across countries, almost every big retailer has experienced failure abroad. Global retailers in developing markets are confronted with many challenges, such as the prevalence of complex political structures leading to stringent government regulations and policies, which do not always favour FDI in this sector, with India being a case in point. Retailers also have to deal with the lack of skilled manpower, inconsistent agricultural produce, various cultural and geographical challenges, and last but not the least, coordination problems with the parent organisation.
    Keywords: globalization; FDI; retailing; India.

  • Shariah Advisory Council in teh Malaysian Islamic financial institutions: features and legal issues   Order a copy of this article
    by Nuarrual Hilal Md Dahlan, Ahmad Zafarullah Abdul Jalil, Zairani Zainol, Selamah Maamor 
    Abstract: The Shariah Advisory Council (SAC) was established under the Central Bank of Malaysia Act 2009(Act 701) (CBMA). The SAC acts as an authority for the ascertainment of Islamic law for the purposes of Islamic banking/financial business. The Central Bank of Malaysia (Bank Negara Malaysia, BNM) and the Islamic Financial institutions (IFIs)shall consult SAC in respect of Islamic banking/financial business and affairs. The decision of SAC is binding on IFIs, BNM, the Shariah Committee, the court of law and the arbitrators on matters pertaining to Islamic banking/financial matters. The superiority and hegemony of the SAC over the court, the IFIs, the arbitrator and the Shariah Committee in relation to the Islamic banking/financial business and affairs has been given judicial support and recognition by the case law. This paper highlights the features and privileges that the SAC has in the context of Malaysian IFIs through the existing legal framework. Further, this paper also highlights some issues concerning the SAC in Malaysia. This paper is a fruit of a pure legal research on the features and issues of the SAC in the Malaysian IFIs. At the end part of this paper, the authors provide certain recommendations in regard to the issues discussed.
    Keywords: Shariah Advisory Council; Malaysia; Islamic banking and financial institutions.

  • The impacts of productivity differentials and oil price on the real exchange rate misalignment: evidence from a developing country   Order a copy of this article
    by Mouyad Al Samara 
    Abstract: This paper investigates the short and long run impacts of productivity differential and oil price on the Real Exchange Rate (RER) misalignment in the Syrian economy over the period 1980-2010. To this end, this has paper constructed a productivity differential index for the Syrian economy and applied two different econometric methods: Engle-Granger (1987) and Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds test for cointegration (Pesaran et al. 2001). The results reveal that an increase in productivity differentials, gross capital formation and oil price are associated with RER appreciation, while government expenditure has a negative effect. Given the significant impact of the oil price on RER behaviour, the reduction of oil production would require a substantial RER depreciation. Furthermore, CUSUM and CUSUMQ tests indicate that the RER has followed a stable behaviour around its equilibrium with a relatively moderate speed of adjustment. Finally, the empirical results provide evidence that a more flexible exchange rate will increase the speed of adjustment toward the equilibrium. Therefore, Syrian monetary policy should provide the economy with a more stable and flexible exchange rate to facilitate RER convergence to its equilibrium path after a shock.
    Keywords: real exchange rate misalignment; productivity differentials; ARDL model; Syrian economy.

  • An empirical analysis of consumers intention to use mobile banking services in Malaysia   Order a copy of this article
    by Darmesh Krishanan, Aye Aye Khin, Kevin Low Lock Teng 
    Abstract: Despite various studies that have been carried out on mobile banking adoption, only a limited number focused on perceived interactivity. The literature on the key motivations of the intention to use mobile banking is incommensurable. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate the factors influencing the consumers' intention to use mobile banking services in Malaysia. This research fills the gap by integrating Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) with Diffusion of Innovation Model (DOI). Additionally, perceived risk, perceived cost and perceived interactivity aspects are incorporated. The chief aspiration of this study is to analyse the empirical analysis of consumers intention to use mobile banking services in Malaysia. The findings indicate that usefulness, perceived cost, perceived interactivity, perceived risk, relative advantage, and easefulness are significant factors in the relationship of the indirectly mediating effect of attitude towards using mobile banking and the dependent variable of consumers intention to use mobile banking. A discourse of the future of mobile banking concludes this paper.
    Keywords: consumers’ perceived interactivity, mobile banking usage, empirical approach

  • Jordanian banks perception of customer relationship management: a TAM-based investigation   Order a copy of this article
    by Ghazi Alkhatib, Muneer Abbad, Faten Jaber 
    Abstract: The main objective of this research is to investigate Jordanian banks' perception and acceptance of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) based on a technology acceptance model (TAM). The investigation was conducted in two steps. First, five external variables were added to the TAM framework, namely subjective norms, computer experience, training, self-efficacy, and top management support. In the second step, the developed model was validated using the following statistical techniques: Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of Sampling Adequacy, Bartlett's Test of Sphericity, Rotated Component Matrix, and regression and correlation analysis. Furthermore, respondents demographics were correlated to the variables using chi-square testing to explore any possible relationships among them. The analysis demonstrated that all factors are related except subjective norm, which was found to be not aligned with the other external factors. Evidence from the questionnaires revealed that Jordanian banks do not use a CRM system. This led to the development of several recommendations to encourage banks to adopt a CRM system. Further research will involve modifying the model according the findings for this study and explore extension of the current research on TAM and advanced statistical techniques such as SEM.
    Keywords: customer relationship management; technology acceptance model; Jordanian banks.

  • Audit procedures, auditors experience and responsibility for fraud detection: a Javanese culture perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Anis Chariri, Ratna Siti Nuraisya 
    Abstract: This study examines the relationship of audit procedures and auditors experience and auditors responsibility for fraud detection, and specifically to examine whether Javanese culture plays moderating roles in the relationship. We conduct empirical tests using data from auditors─working at eight public accounting firms located in Semarang, Indonesia─who responded to our survey. Results indicate that audit procedures positively influence auditors responsibility for fraud detection. Auditors experience also positively affects auditors responsibility for fraud detection. More importantly, this study showed that Javanese culture negatively moderates the influence of audit procedures and auditors experience on their responsibilities for fraud detection. This study contributes to accounting/auditing literature on the importance of considering culture, especially local culture when we study any issues related to auditing and frauds.
    Keywords: audit procedure; auditor experience; auditor responsibility; fraud detection; Javanese culture.

  • The persistence of tax avoidance and its effect on the persistence of earnings   Order a copy of this article
    by Achmad Hizazi, Sylvia Veronica Siregar, Dwi Martani, Vera Diyanti 
    Abstract: This paper suggests a new measure for gauging one aspect of tax avoidance, using a time series perspective. The paper investigates the effect of the new measure of tax avoidance on earning persistence, the latter functioning as a measure of earning quality, using the same time perspective. The paper argues that tax avoidance has a persistent attribute, and that this attribute has a negative slope. We also predict that tax avoidance is negatively related to earning persistence. We derive an empirical measure for the persistence of tax avoidance by using the present value revision of coefficients from firm-specific auto-regressions of effective tax rates. We subsequently illustrate that tax avoidance is persistent, and that this persistence has a negative trend. Finally, we show that our measure of persistence of tax avoidance is negatively related to earning persistence.
    Keywords: tax avoidance; persistence of tax avoidance; earning persistence; Southeast Asia.

  • The Toda-Yamamoto causality test for government expenditure and economic growth: a case study in Indonesia   Order a copy of this article
    by Sigit Harjanto, Setyo Tri Wahyudi 
    Abstract: This research aims to find out the causality between economic growth and government expenditure. Using Toda-Yamamoto causality test, we found unidirectional causality between economic growth and government expenditure, in which government expenditure affects economic growth, which is in accordance with Wagners law. In terms of expenditure by function, we found a relationship that supports the Keynesian approach between economic growth and government expenditure by economic function. However, there is no causality between the other functions of government expenditure and economic growth.
    Keywords: economic growth; government expenditure; Toda-Yamamoto causality test.

  • National culture and CSR reporting: a cross-country analysis   Order a copy of this article
    by Khalil Nimer, Ahmed Yamen, Ahmed Bani-Mustafa, Sameer Al Barghouthi 
    Abstract: This study examines the effect of national culture on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) reporting at the country level. In this paper, we aim at enhancing our understanding of what influences the level of CSR disclosure in different countries by focusing on the impact of national culture variables in general and by using the degree of countrys financial freedom and the level of IFRS adoption as control variables. Based on published data for 30 countries and by employing the GLOBE study model that considers nine cultural dimensions, the results indicate that human orientation, assertiveness and performance orientation have significant impact on the level of CSR disclosure. In addition, a countrys financial freedom reveals significant effect as a control variable, whereas the level of IFRS adoption did not affect the level of CSR disclosure. This study provides insight into the CSR literature by documenting that cultural variables would influence the degree of disclosure in general and CSR disclosure in particular and by adding two new variables to the model, namely the financial freedom and the level of IFRS adoption.
    Keywords: corporate social responsibility; national culture; reporting; country-based analysis.

  • Antecedents and Consequences of Customer Loyalty in Qatar   Order a copy of this article
    by Shahid Bhuian, Maha Al Balushi, Irfan Butt 
    Abstract: Drawing insights from the customer value-based theory, this study hypothesises and examines the relationships in the antecedents-customer loyalty-consequences process in a unique context, Qatar. Five divergent and salient antecedents and two important outcomes are incorporated in a single comprehensive study. The antecedents are innovation (a novel one), service quality, trust, satisfaction and switching cost, while the consequences are word-of-mouth communication and repeat purchase. An analysis of a sample of mobile internet subscribers reveals that the five antecedents impact customer loyalty, which, in turn, influences the two outcomes. The study extends customer loyalty theory to a region marked by unique Islamic values and beliefs. Also, the study suggests that in addition to paying attention to a number of traditional drivers of customer loyalty simultaneously, marketers seeking to build and sustain customer loyalty in the Gulf region should also focus on innovation. Implications are discussed.
    Keywords: customer loyalty; innovation; service quality; trust; word-of-mouth communication; Qatar; Gulf Cooperation Council region.

  • Understanding undervalued vs. non-undervalued stocks from the firm characteristics perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Irene Wei Kiong Ting, Noor Azlinna Azizan, Premjit Singh, Qian Long Kweh 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the determinants of undervalued stocks performances from the perspective of firm characteristics compared with non-undervalued stocks for the period of 20062015 (10 years). Results indicate that firm size has a significant effect only on the performance of undervalued stocks. Tangibility is insignificant for both undervalued and non-undervalued stocks. In addition, leverage and firm age have significant negative effects on the performance of both undervalued and non-undervalued stocks, whereas risk has a negative significant impact only on the performance of undervalued stocks. This analysis shows that operating cash flow has a positive significant impact on the performance of both undervalued and non-undervalued stocks. With its findings, this paper aims to further enlighten investors about undervalued stocks and identify firm characteristics that can boost the performance of such stocks. Future studies should use other firm characteristics to measure performance or compare undervalued stocks with other types of stock.
    Keywords: stock performance; firm characteristics; undervalued stocks; non-undervalued stocks; Malaysia.

  • The traits of success according to those who made it: a survey of successful entrepreneurs in Northeastern Thailand.   Order a copy of this article
    by Amornwan Rangkoon, Winai Wongsurawat, Barbara Igel 
    Abstract: One of the most common questions business students have is what characteristics successful business people should possess. This study interviewed 200 successful entrepreneurs in Northeastern Thailand, between 2010-11 to find their common vital characteristics. Atlas.ti software, a frequency-weighted average scores (FWA), Pareto method, and a Venn diagram were used to determine important characteristics based on five categories. Results reveal three characteristics with high FWA scores at the intersection, namely joy of developing, integrity, and striving. These three characteristics are a common vital personality of all business characteristics (male or female, age, education, length of time in business and type of business). A triangulation approach was employed with a further two groups (75 each) between 2012-13 and 2014-15, respectively, to validate the findings. The findings demonstrated the same three characteristics as outstanding personality traits of successful entrepreneurs in the region.
    Keywords: characteristics of entrepreneurs; successful entrepreneurs; in-depth interview; integrity; joy of developing; striving; Thailand.

  • Understanding consumerism within Western and Muslim-based societies: Twitter Usage of Saudi and American consumers   Order a copy of this article
    by Othman Althawadi, John Fraedrich, Allam Abu Farha 
    Abstract: Consumerism was defined and studied as protection and active participation in negative business issues that directly affect the consumer. The consumerism model is based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) using social media (Twitter) to determine any significant differences between two divergent cultures and economies: Saudi Arabia and the USA. Our results suggest a partial fit to the model. The equivalent significant findings for both samples are as follows: (1) Consumers with negative perceptions of government regulatory practices have a more positive attitude towards consumerism; (2) There is a positive relationship between attitude, intention, and behaviour and consumerism; (3) Both countries have a positive subjective norm, intention, and behavior for consumerism; (4) There is a positive relationship between perceived behavioral control and consumerist behaviour. Our findings found that Saudi consumers have a higher level of intent to engage in consumerism behaviour via Twitter than American consumers. Finally, Saudi consumers have a negative perception of government regulatory practices that can be attributed to its restricted civil society relative to the USA.
    Keywords: consumerism; consumer movement; Saudi Arabia; consumerism behaviors; Twitter; consumer protection.

  • Beverage consumption and seasonal change effect   Order a copy of this article
    by Johnny C. Chaanine, Luciana Chaanine 
    Abstract: Beverage consumption has been widely studied as a factor targeting all generations. However, few studies have analysed the impact of seasonal changes and the climate effect on the relationship between the marketing of beverages and their consumption. The Lebanese market, being a four-season environment, is taken as the destination of choice in the MENA region, where the researchers decided to test their model to see the impact, if it exists, of the seasonal change and the marketing on beverage consumption. The results of the study clearly reveal similarities as well as some differences from previous studies. It highlights a number of indications that are of interest to marketers, practitioners and academicians in Lebanon and in other emerging communities such as China. This paper analyses the effect of seasonal changes on consumers' preference and consumption, and whether or not it may be considered as a mediator in the relationship between the marketing of beverages and their consumption. Many studies have been conducted throughout the years to prove the effect of weather and seasonal changes on peoples mood. Other studies emphasised the important role that mood plays when it comes to customers preferences and spending; the mood has the power to make a consumer consume more or consume less and in its turn, the mood is affected by the weather changes. SAD or Seasonal Affective Disorder is a very real kind of depressive disorder (technically referred to as a depressive disorder with seasonal pattern), and this study attempts to test the relationship between the effect of weather changes on mood and the marketing and consumption of beverages.
    Keywords: beverage; consumption; marketing; environment; seasonal change.

  • The impact of organisational culture on performance   Order a copy of this article
    by Maya Shayya 
    Abstract: Organisational culture is shaping the performance of the Lebanese bureaucracy. Performance is shaped by the culture of the organisations work unit. A questionnaire was applied to the undergraduate educational public sector to examine unit differences in performance. The results of this study show that organisational culture does play a role in shaping performance levels at the diverse units of the public sectors education, but that its role is muted. These findings suggest that other factors, including broader societal culture, are also at work. In addition to its practical dimension, the study also tests a major US theory of organisational motivation in the Lebanese context. Cross-cultural differences do influence performance, and results suggest that modifications be made to the Western theories, before they are transferred to the Middle East.
    Keywords: waste; performance; organisational culture; public sector; professionalism; innovation; job satisfaction; public concern.

  • Corporate governance, a solution to the problem of family business sustainability   Order a copy of this article
    by Ahmad Jannoun 
    Abstract: This study analyses the effect of family businesses practices of corporate governance on their respective survival and sustainability. The study groups the major components and constructs impacting the family business lifecycle, and the role of the key elements of corporate governance in this respect, namely accountability, leadership, system, and transparency, on the family business 'sustainability DNA'.
    Keywords: leadership; accountability; transparency; system sustainability; DBA; family business.

  • Strategic management: the case of Saudi non-profits   Order a copy of this article
    by Mohammed Aboramadan 
    Abstract: The aim of this research is to examine strategic management in Saudi non-profits. This research investigates the level of application of strategic management in Saudi non-profits, the challenges they face while they implement strategy, and whether a link between strategic management and non-profits' performance exists. Online questionnaires were used to collect data from 296 managers of Saudi non-profits. The study found that the application of strategy implementation and evaluation tools in Saudi non-profits is limited. Satisfying donors requirements is the main driver for non-profits to engage in a strategic management process. Lack of time and financial resources are the main strategy implementation challenges in Saudi non-profits. The study also found positive correlations between strategic management and nonprofits performance. None of the strategic management practices was significant in predicting financial transparency and partnership. Saudi non-profits need to invest in strategic management and pay attention to their strategy implementation and evaluation tools.
    Keywords: fundraising; Saudi non-profits; strategic management; performance; projects.

  • Sustaining corporate performance through the happy worker influence   Order a copy of this article
    by Stefane Kabene, Said Baadel 
    Abstract: Happy workers tend to be more productive, so it would be beneficial for managers to understand what factors tend to predict happiness to assess where the most potentially productive worker pools are located around the world. The current study aims to examine the relationship between multiple factors and happiness. Twelve countries have been selected and data relating to nine different factors of each country have been used to determine the sum impact. All variable factors have been statistically correlated to happiness to predict the factor(s) that could be linked strongly with happiness. An intensive statistical analysis has been used to evaluate the significance of these relations. This study suggests that most of the variables that have been used in the study are significantly correlated with happiness. While some factors may be distant from being a standard for evaluating happiness, other factors showed a strong relationship with happiness. Our paper shows that the Hofstede, cultural, and diversity variables are not effective in determining a countrys happiness index, while the happiness without carbon footprint factor is a more accurate measure of personal happiness.
    Keywords: corporate performance; cultural differences; life expectancy; happiness index; happiness index without carbon footprint; peace index.

  • The implication of consumer knowledge of technology and consumer behaviour with technology-based products: empirical evidence from US and Indian consumers   Order a copy of this article
    by Angelica Bahl, Gregory Black, Bhausaheb R. Londhe 
    Abstract: This study introduces constructs, such as a technological novelty and technological benefits of a product, with technology-based products and then analyses variables (choice confusion, impulse buying, price consciousness, risk attraction, status consumption, and time pressure) to examine how consumer knowledge of technology affects their behaviour. The findings were derived from American and Indian samples. While a product's novelty and the importance of underlying technology of a product are the most important factors for technologically knowledgeable consumers, the importance of technological benefits and willingness to wait for a new version of the technology do not directly impact consumers in either sample. This study shows that risk attraction and status consumption are significant characteristics for Indian consumers. We explore the technological sector within the American and the Indian contexts keeping in mind that insights could be useful in the future as they could be used by both technology-based consumers and firms.
    Keywords: consumer knowledge of technology; technology-based product; consumer behaviour.

  • Political connections, opaque financial reports and stock price synchronicity   Order a copy of this article
    by Lukas Purwoto, Eduardus Tandelilin, Mamduh Hanafi 
    Abstract: From the perspective of corporate governance, stock price synchronicity can be understood as a lack of disclosure. This study investigates the effect of political connections, government majority ownership, and the opacity of financial statements on the stock price synchronicity of public companies in Indonesia. Our analysis shows that political connections and government ownership increase stock price synchronicity. Synchronicity is also positively affected by the opacity of financial statements. Furthermore, when the opacity of financial statements increases, the influence of political connections and government ownership on stock price synchronicity tends to increase. These results imply that political ties impede disclosure of firm-specific information, and poor quality of financial statement exacerbates this impediment.
    Keywords: stock price synchronicity; firm-specific information; political connections; government ownership; the opacity of financial statements.

  • A model for the competitiveness development of manufacturing firms in entrepreneurial exports   Order a copy of this article
    by Jaleh Farzaneh, Vahid Nasehifar 
    Abstract: The present study is one of the few carried out to test a model for developing the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from the dynamic capabilities perspective and considering international entrepreneurship, especially in the food industry. The existing research using the dynamic capabilities perspective has focused more on multinational corporations and has been undertaken in developed countries. Therefore, the context of our study, SMEs in Iran, is new. In addition, in this study we quantitatively assess the competitiveness development model of manufacturing firms in entrepreneurial exports achieved via qualitative research based on grounded theory. The statistical population was composed of SMEs in food industries. The sampling was conducted using a judgmental purposive approach. Responses to the questionnaires sent out provided a statistical sample of 210 subjects, of which 193 questionnaires were diagnosed as qualified for analysis. Following initial analysis, a structural equations model was implemented using the software Smart PLS. The results indicate that five out of seven aspects of identifying and seizing opportunity capability are effective on configuration capability, while the macro environment adversely affects it. Nevertheless, the micro environment plays a moderating role between the two variables. Moreover, configuration capability is effective on entrepreneurial exports, while governments can build the required infrastructure for entrepreneurial export development based on four aspects. Finally, entrepreneurial exports were proven to impact firms competitiveness. The paper suggests how SMEs can develop their competitiveness with dynamic capabilities and which capabilities can help them in this regard
    Keywords: competitiveness; international entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial exports; non-oil exports; food industries.

  • What are the outcomes of emerging markets' mergers and acquisitions? Evidence from Turkey   Order a copy of this article
    by Omer Faruk Genc, Burak Kalkan 
    Abstract: Emerging markets have become home to an increasing amount of acquisition activity in terms of both domestic and international acquisitions. However, we do not know much about how these two groups of acquisitions differ in terms of their outcomes. The objective of this study is to compare international and domestic acquisitions in the context of an emerging country. To do so, we analysed all acquisitions that occurred in Turkey between 1989 and 2017. We found that domestic acquirers significantly outperformed foreign acquirers of Turkish companies. Our analysis of financial indicators suggests that foreign acquirers are larger in size, have greater leverage and intangibles, and engage in bigger deals. However, growth in leverage, capital expenditures, and administrative and staff expenses is greater in domestic acquirers. Overall, our findings suggest that domestic acquirers are affected more significantly by acquisitions compared with foreign acquirers and, based on the financial outcomes of acquisitions, there are several differences between these two groups of acquirers.
    Keywords: acquisitions; mergers; domestic acquirers; foreign acquirers; Turkey.

Special Issue on: Understanding the Advancing of Developing Economies

  • Moderating effect of trust of BSR on the relationship between perceived ethics on the performance of SMEs   Order a copy of this article
    by Abdullahi Hassan Gorondutse, Haim Hilman 
    Abstract: The aim of this research is to advance both the theoretical conceptualisation and the empirical validation of BSR components on performance of SMEs research. Empirically, it confirms that partial least squares path modelling can be used to estimate the parameters of a hierarchical, reflective model with moderating effects. The model shows that perceived ethics is significantly related to performance; similarly, trust of BSR is positively associated with SMEs' performance. In addition, trust of BSR does not have any moderating influences in the relationship between perceived ethics and SMEs' performance. The results, besides indicating the suitability of the PLS in statistical analysis, have also contributed to a better understanding of BSR components in SMEs, which hitherto has not been tested. Overall, the study concludes by discussing conceptual contributions, methodological implications, limitations, and future research directions of the study
    Keywords: perceived ethics; trust of BSR; performance and SMEs


  • Issues in the rehabilitation of failed residential projects in Malaysia: clash between the interests of purchasers and secured creditor chargee
    by Nuarrual Hilal Md. Dahlan 

  • The implementation of knowledge management techniques to enhance operations in the Jordanian healthcare sector
    by Suzan Al-Najjar, Ibrahim Tabsh, Ahmad Shariah 
    Keywords: .

Special Issue on: Business Strategy, Education Service, and Economic Growth of Muslim Countries in North Africa, Middle-East, South Asia and South-East Asia

  • From tin to high-tech: Malaysias science and technology   Order a copy of this article
    by Ibrahim Akoum 
    Abstract: Science and technology policy has played a pivotal role in the advances Malaysia has been able to boast. This paper outlines the main steps taken by Malaysia in advancing science and technology activities (S&T) in the country, and takes stock of the Malaysian S&T infrastructure, in comparison with some other upper-middle income countries. The study examines the extent to which S&T efforts in Malaysia have been associated with economic growth by applying standard statistical techniques to shed light on the relationship between S&T indicators and the economic development record. In particular, the S&T variables include gross expenditures on research and development, researchers and technicians in R&D, and patent applications. Contending that S&T indicators have been associated with economic development indicators, the study proposes that further research be conducted to assess the causal relationship between development indicators and S&T indicators in Malaysia, preferably at the sectoral level and taking into consideration the sources of S&T investment, namely the difference between public R&D spending and that of the private sector and university research centers.
    Keywords: Malaysia, innovation, science and technology, R&D, economic growth

Special Issue on: Special issue

  • The similarities in job satisfaction across cultures
    by Bassem Maamari 
    Keywords: .

  • The law governing Islamic Partnership in the Malaysian Islamic banking and financial institutions: a legal analysis   Order a copy of this article
    by Nuarrual Hilal Md Dahlan, Zairani Zainol 
    Abstract: In Malaysia, Islamic banking and financial products must comply with shariah (Islamic law) and the Malaysian law. The Partnership Act 1961 (Act 135)(PA) governs all partnership undertakings. However, there is no statute controlling Islamic Partnership products. Are Islamic Partnership products likewise subject to the PA? There is nothing in the PA to indicate that Islamic Partnership does not fall under it. Nevertheless, the Islamic Financial Institutions Act 2013 (Act 759)(IFSA) provides that all Islamic banking and financial products, including Islamic Partnership, must comply with shariah. But how, if shariah is in conflict with the PA? Will this not affect the validity of Islamic Partnership products? This paper highlights the governing law issues with regard to Islamic Partnership in Malaysia. The authors used legal research methodology to discuss the issues. The authors also provide some suggestions to warrant the validity of Islamic Partnership, both in the law and shariah perspectives.
    Keywords: Islamic Partnership products; legal issues; governing law; Malaysia; Islamic banking and finance.

Special Issue on: Xxx

  • A causal relationship between exports, foreign direct investment and income for Malaysia
    by P.R. Bhatt