International Journal of Sustainable Society (8 papers in press)
The Impact of Product Labels on Green Preferences and Perceptions of Customers: An Empirical Study of Milk Products in Japan
by Nitipon Tansakul, Suthathip Suanmali, Kunio Shirahada
Abstract: An investigation is presented on the impact of different environmental labels on customer perception of product value. The empirical study targeted consumers who frequently purchase milk for household consumption. A total of 618 consumers were asked to select their milk based on three different environmental labels and their perceptions in terms of product quality and social value. Multinomial logistic regression was utilized to explore the influence of product labels on customer perception. The results show that different environment information leads to customers having different perceptions in terms of value. Knowledge is a significant factor for making a decision on food product purchasing. The environmental label clearly impacts the customer perception of the products. The major contribution of this study is to create a greater understanding of customer perceptions of green concepts on the basis of environmental knowledge and to help firms identify compatible information for sustaining their business.
Keywords: Customer Perceptions; Environmental Knowledge; Labelling; Green Preferences.
Mapping Social and Cultural Capital(s) of Meos and Other Households in Mewat Region, Haryana
by Naresh Kumar
Abstract: This paper attempts to map the social identities of Meos and other households in Mewat, Haryana. Similarity and difference determine their identity. This study looks at whether social groups are similar or dissimilar in terms of social and cultural capital(s) in Mewat, Haryana. Similarity implies belongingness and togetherness while being dissimilar means the praxis of explicit categorization that one is different from other(s). The analysis shows that similarity outnumbers the differences in relation to the social capital in Meos and other sample households. It shows that there is a greater similarity between Meos and other(s) in social capital as reflected in their participation in the Panchayati Raj Institutions, social cohesion, particularised trust and participatory appraisal. On the other hand, there are more differences than similarities in cultural capital in Meo and the other households as shown by comparatively lower sex ratio, higher dependency ratio and a sharp reduction in levels of educational attainment etc. On this basis, it can be argued that in general, there are more differences in cultural than social capital(s). Therefore, it can be concluded that cultural capital is more important in the formation of social identities as compared to social capital and in turn affecting local development outcomes.
Keywords: Social Identities; Cultural Capital; Social Capital; Meos; Development; Mewat Region; Haryana.
Residents Socio-cultural Experiences and Effects on Neighbourhood Public Space in Nigeria
by Oluwagbemiga Paul Agboola, Mohd Hisyam Rasidi
Abstract: Residents experiences in the varied context of socio-cultural, religion and ethnic background in the community are no doubt a fundamental issue that needed to study in the built environment. Limited empirical research has been carried out on residents socio-cultural experiences on neighbourhood public space. The objective of this study is to explore the residents socio-cultural experiences towards the market square as a public open space in Nigeria. Regression analysis of a total number of 382 completed survey questionnaires with SPSS demonstrated that residents view and experiences on public space is significant (P<0.005) across residents age, employment, ethnic groups, often time and frequency of visiting the public space and the neighbourhood in general. The implication of the findings highlights peoples experiences on places which determine how the particular setting will be maintained, utilized, challenged and negotiated. This calls for effective planning, management and better utilization of public space. Also, the findings would enhance the formulation of policies that ameliorates conflict problem that characterizes the ethnically diverse community.
Keywords: public space; market square; residents’ experience; meanings; regression analysis; Nigeria.
Development of quality indicators for multi-family residential buildings in India A Delphi Analysis
by Rajan Sinha, Satyaki Sarkar, Nikhil Mandal
Abstract: The habitable quality of apartment buildings in India has lately become a matter of concern. The issue is further complicated by the absence of suitable and tested indicator system which could form the basis for judgment. This study seeks to achieve consensus, through Delphi technique, regarding the development of habitable quality indicators for multi-family residential buildings in India. A three round Delphi survey has been undertaken to reach a consensus for questionnaire containing ten categories encompassing 55 indicators extracted from literature studies. A group of 42 expert members comprising Architect and Urban Planners deliberated upon the importance of indicators with a response rate of 72.6 percent, 72.7 percent and 95.8 percent in subsequent rounds. The final consensus was achieved on 43 indicators with a high level of agreement among the expert members (Kendalls W= 0.72). The list of indicators appears suitable to form the basis for further research in this field.
Keywords: Delphi; Habitable quality; Home-buyers; India; Indicators; Multi-family residential buildings.
DRIVERS OF SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION IN A DEVELOPING SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN SETTING: NIGERIAN ACADEMIC STAFF PERSPECTIVE.
by Stephen Ukenna, Edwin Idoko, Mercy Isiavwe-Ogbari
Abstract: Sustainable consumption bahaviour is silently becoming a pivotal phenomenon in Nigeria and other Sub-Saharan Africa countries which arguably is affecting purchase patterns. Despite the amazing growing interest in sustainable consumption, minimal research attention has been invested in this domain to deepen and broaden understanding regarding those factors that culture sustainable consumption behavior. Questionnaire served as data collection instrument from a sample of 3495 academic staff randomly drawn from nine universities in Southern Nigeria. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling technique regarding hypothesized relations in the model. Convergent and discriminant validity were checked; reliability was assessed to determine the internal consistency of the measurement items. Environmental concern and educational level are primary drivers; health concern, income status, and quality insignificantly influence sustainable consumption. A sustainable consumption model was developed based on the findings. Potential policy and managerial implications were discussed; possible areas for further studies were highlighted.
Keywords: Sustainable consumption; Drivers; Academic Staff; Sub-Saharan Africa; Nigeria.
An Assessment Tool to Evaluate Complete Streets in Developing Countries: The Case of Qatar
by Khaled Shaaban, Rania Khalil
Abstract: Complete streets refers to a simple and effective transportation policy to improve traffic safety and comfort for all users within urban areas. Car dependency is a major concern in developing countries. Endorsing complete streets in any place could improve the sense of security and make people less dependent on cars. The purpose of this study is to develop a ten-point assessment tool to evaluate the neighborhoods in developing countries. This tool is capable of identifying strengths and weaknesses areas in any neighborhood based on the complete streets policy. The tool was developed and tested on a traditional neighborhood in Qatar. The assessment tool was successful in identifying specific and detailed improvement areas in the case study. This tool can be used in the future to investigate new neighborhoods during the development phase, redevelop existing neighborhoods, and improve provisions for modes of transport.
Keywords: Pedestrian safety; road evaluation; street design; sustainable urban transport; pedestrian comfort; traffic safety.
All for One, One for All: The Role of Filipino Pro-Social Behaviors in Building a Disaster-Resilient Community
by Darin Jan Tindowen, Honei Lei Bagalayos
Abstract: Natural disasters such as typhoons and floods are predominant in Northern Philippines in which poor individuals and families are affected adversely especially that they lack financial capabilities for survival and recovery. With this, people from poor and flood-prone communities relies on alternative coping strategies to natural disasters such as utilization of indigenous mechanisms, reliance to government and non-government support, and promotion of pro-social behaviors. Among these alternative mechanisms, the role of social-behaviors in building disaster-resilient community is not much explored in research literature and not given attention to scientific inquiries. This study is conducted to explore the roles of Filipino pro-social behaviors specifically damayan (solidarity) and bayanihan (communal effort) in promoting community disaster resiliency among poor and flood-prone areas in Northern Philippines. An interpretive approach in research was utilized in the study. Fifty informants were purposively selected from the top five flood-prone communities in Northern Philippines. The results revealed that pro-social behaviors play an important role in the promotion of disaster-resiliency among the flood-prone communities since these two pro-social behaviors are used as a mechanisms especially when external supports are unavailable. These two pro-social behaviors are sources of strength of the people which gives them hope for recovery when typhoons and floods hit them. As an offshoot of the study, a framework of disaster-resilient community was developed as a basis of building more disaster-resilient communities in the Philippines.
Keywords: Natural Disasters; Pro-Social Behaviors; Damayan (solidarity); Bayanihan (communal effort); Flood-Prone Communities; Poor Communities; Disaster-Resilient Community.
Special Issue on: ICTH2017-Barcelona Health as the Determining Factor to Sustainable Mobility
How to improve the interaction between cyclists and truck drivers
by Birgitta Thorslund, Katja Kircher
Abstract: The aim of this focus group study was to increase the understanding of user needs of truck drivers and cyclists with respect to future warning systems designed to decrease incidents and accidents between these groups.rnTo evaluate and describe the attitudes and behavior of bicyclists and truck drivers in urban areas, as well as their suggestions about future warning systems for these road user groups, two focus groups were carried out at VTI in Linköping, Sweden. The inclusion criterion for truck drivers for both groups was to have much experience of driving in the city center. Inclusion criteria for bicyclists were to ride their bike almost every day in city traffic and to either be experienced and aware of traffic rules (Group 1) or around 15-16 years of age and not having started to take driving lessons (Group 2). The reason for including groups of cyclists of different ages was that both their experience and suggestions might differ, since they have differing knowledge about the traffic rules. rnIt can be concluded that both truck drivers and cyclists are frustrated about the current situation, and the risks that they perceive have strong evidence in the literature. Possible ways to improve the situation are, in priority order, improved visibility of cyclists, education of cyclists, more warnings on trucks (sound and light), and improved infrastructure (sequenced green lights and physically separated lanes). The first counter measure is to develop safety functions to support drivers in detecting cyclists and avoiding accidents.
Keywords: Interaction, cyclist, truck driver, traffic safety, focus group, warning system, detection