International Journal of Sustainable Society (7 papers in press)
DRIVERS OF SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION IN A DEVELOPING SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN SETTING: NIGERIAN ACADEMIC STAFF PERSPECTIVE.
by Stephen Ukenna, Edwin Idoko, Mercy Isiavwe-Ogbari
Abstract: Sustainable consumption bahaviour is silently becoming a pivotal phenomenon in Nigeria and other Sub-Saharan Africa countries which arguably is affecting purchase patterns. Despite the amazing growing interest in sustainable consumption, minimal research attention has been invested in this domain to deepen and broaden understanding regarding those factors that culture sustainable consumption behavior. Questionnaire served as data collection instrument from a sample of 3495 academic staff randomly drawn from nine universities in Southern Nigeria. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling technique regarding hypothesized relations in the model. Convergent and discriminant validity were checked; reliability was assessed to determine the internal consistency of the measurement items. Environmental concern and educational level are primary drivers; health concern, income status, and quality insignificantly influence sustainable consumption. A sustainable consumption model was developed based on the findings. Potential policy and managerial implications were discussed; possible areas for further studies were highlighted.
Keywords: Sustainable consumption; Drivers; Academic Staff; Sub-Saharan Africa; Nigeria.
An Assessment Tool to Evaluate Complete Streets in Developing Countries: The Case of Qatar
by Khaled Shaaban, Rania Khalil
Abstract: Complete streets refers to a simple and effective transportation policy to improve traffic safety and comfort for all users within urban areas. Car dependency is a major concern in developing countries. Endorsing complete streets in any place could improve the sense of security and make people less dependent on cars. The purpose of this study is to develop a ten-point assessment tool to evaluate the neighborhoods in developing countries. This tool is capable of identifying strengths and weaknesses areas in any neighborhood based on the complete streets policy. The tool was developed and tested on a traditional neighborhood in Qatar. The assessment tool was successful in identifying specific and detailed improvement areas in the case study. This tool can be used in the future to investigate new neighborhoods during the development phase, redevelop existing neighborhoods, and improve provisions for modes of transport.
Keywords: Pedestrian safety; road evaluation; street design; sustainable urban transport; pedestrian comfort; traffic safety.
All for One, One for All: The Role of Filipino Pro-Social Behaviors in Building a Disaster-Resilient Community
by Darin Jan Tindowen, Honei Lei Bagalayos
Abstract: Natural disasters such as typhoons and floods are predominant in Northern Philippines in which poor individuals and families are affected adversely especially that they lack financial capabilities for survival and recovery. With this, people from poor and flood-prone communities relies on alternative coping strategies to natural disasters such as utilization of indigenous mechanisms, reliance to government and non-government support, and promotion of pro-social behaviors. Among these alternative mechanisms, the role of social-behaviors in building disaster-resilient community is not much explored in research literature and not given attention to scientific inquiries. This study is conducted to explore the roles of Filipino pro-social behaviors specifically damayan (solidarity) and bayanihan (communal effort) in promoting community disaster resiliency among poor and flood-prone areas in Northern Philippines. An interpretive approach in research was utilized in the study. Fifty informants were purposively selected from the top five flood-prone communities in Northern Philippines. The results revealed that pro-social behaviors play an important role in the promotion of disaster-resiliency among the flood-prone communities since these two pro-social behaviors are used as a mechanisms especially when external supports are unavailable. These two pro-social behaviors are sources of strength of the people which gives them hope for recovery when typhoons and floods hit them. As an offshoot of the study, a framework of disaster-resilient community was developed as a basis of building more disaster-resilient communities in the Philippines.
Keywords: Natural Disasters; Pro-Social Behaviors; Damayan (solidarity); Bayanihan (communal effort); Flood-Prone Communities; Poor Communities; Disaster-Resilient Community.
Sustainability drivers, strategies and performance measurement in a Malaysian organisation
by Eley Suzana Kasim, Norlaila Md Zin, Suzana Sulaiman, Sharifah Fadzlon Abdul Hamid, Zairul Nurshazana Zainuddin
Abstract: This research examines the critical sustainability drivers and strategies implemented by a Malaysian diversified multinational corporation involved in key growth sectors which include environmentally sensitive industries. The selection of the case firm allows for valuable insights into how sustainability is being practised in situations where environmental issues are of significance. The literature suggests that measuring the performance of sustainability initiatives is crucial since it provides effective ways to measure sustainability performance. However, studies that examine sustainability-related performance measures are still lacking. This paper therefore intends to contribute in filling these gaps by examining the sustainability drivers, strategies and performance measures through a single case study in Malaysia. Consistent with the literature, our findings indicate that the sustainability strategies are driven by both internally and externally-led factors. In addition, the formal sustainability performance measurement and reporting framework implemented by the organization provides a structured and systematic approach for monitoring its environmentally-related business performance.
Keywords: Sustainability; drivers; sustainability strategies; sustainable development; performance measurement; case study; Malaysia.
The Recent Development of Smart Community Application in Taiwan
by Di Hu, Jen-Te Pai
Abstract: Taiwan has been facing the power shortage since 1990s and continues to this day. Buildings have the highest carbon emissions. Energy saving and carbon reduction through buildings is an inevitable choice under the climate change. In 2018 Taiwan entered the old age society, and the smart of architecture can improve the convenience of community residents for the aged. It is an important measure to improve the public service system and adapt to the aging of the whole society through the application of information communication technology and Intelligent Control System to connect the building and the community. This is in line with the current trend of smart and sustainable development in the world. This study reviews the related policies of Taiwan's smart community construction and presents the latest situation of the construction of smart community,it also discusses the multiple influence of smart community construction on Taiwan.
Keywords: Energy saving and carbon reduction; Sustainable development;
Green building; Smart building; Smart Community.
Special Issue on: ICTH2017-Barcelona Health as the Determining Factor to Sustainable Mobility
How to improve the interaction between cyclists and truck drivers
by Birgitta Thorslund, Katja Kircher
Abstract: The aim of this focus group study was to increase the understanding of user needs of truck drivers and cyclists with respect to future warning systems designed to decrease incidents and accidents between these groups.rnTo evaluate and describe the attitudes and behavior of bicyclists and truck drivers in urban areas, as well as their suggestions about future warning systems for these road user groups, two focus groups were carried out at VTI in Link
Keywords: Interaction; cyclist; truck driver; traffic safety; focus group; warning system; detection.
Special Issue on: Smart house oriented community
A New Perspective of Environmental Behaviour Study: A brief introduction of Wi-Fi Indoor Positioning System
by Yuming Lin, Weixin Huang
Abstract: Environment behaviour study is fundamental to architectural and urban design. The traditional methods have difficulty in obtaining quantitative data on a large scale, which indirectly hinders the intelligent process of building environment. The newly developed Wi-Fi indoor positioning system can provide a large number of effective data to environment behaviour study. This study gives a brief introduction to the Wi-Fi positioning system and analyses the abundant information contained in its data. On this basis, this study takes an innovation incubator as an example, trying to explore human interaction in the environment with the tool of social network analysis. Finally, this study provides a simple framework for implementing smart home with positioning data. The conclusions highlight the advantages and limitation of Wi-Fi positioning system, as well as the promising prospect in the smart home.
Keywords: Wi-Fi indoor positioning system; environment behaviour study; social network analysis; smart home.