International Journal of Research, Innovation and Commercialisation (4 papers in press)
Innovation and entrepreneurial orientation: The case of a global family wine firm
by Abel Duarte Alonso
Abstract: While academic research emphasises the importance of innovation for many firms long-term sustainability, some authors indicate that the literature primarily focuses on large companies, overlooking small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This study contributes to narrowing the knowledge gap on innovation in this domain, examining the case of Uruguays Carrau Wines, a global family business. Data were collected since 2011 through interviews and email communication with the firms owners, and the director of Wines of Uruguay. Content analysis identified that, fundamentally owners leadership in diversifying and in investing on equipment and technology are driving innovation processes. These findings align with key variables and dimensions of the theory of innovation, particularly benefit-cost and resources. Entrepreneurial orientation emerged through the firms strong focus on the Tannat grapes, as well as on product quality improvements, and on internationalisation efforts. The findings have important implications for family businesses, particularly those operating in emerging economies.
Keywords: Innovation; theory of innovation; entrepreneurial orientation; family firm; wine industry; Uruguay.
Incremental and Radical Innovation in Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Selected Indian Firms.
by Yesha Dua
Abstract: The study examines the relationship between Incremental and Radical innovation of selected Indian entrepreneurial firms in the Manufacturing sector. Research in the past suggests, that the importance of innovative capacity has been widely recognized and accepted, but the phenomenon is less than adequately understood (Goyal & Akhilesh, 2007). A positive unique relationship exists between incremental and radical innovation, but there is still a paucity of research in the Indian context. The distinction between radical and incremental innovations is easier to intuit than to define and measure (Dewar and Dutton, 1986). In light of increased importance and serious theoretical lacking, the phenomenon of innovation deserves intensive and extensive research attention. Therefore, we investigated the relation between Radical Innovation (Product and Market Innovativeness) and Incremental innovation (Procedures, Structures, Process, People). For the purpose of the study, a combination of Quantitative and Qualitative methods (Mixed methodology) was used in order to understand this phenomenon. The results were also supported with company information and other data base information, which helped in triangulation. Results showed that Incremental and Radical innovation have a significant positive co-relation. The qualitative analysis gives a clear picture of the areas in which Incremental innovation takes place in the firm and how does it affect Radical innovation. The study adds key insight to the phenomenon of innovation in context to Indian entrepreneurial firms and suggests to capture innovation in both Radical and Incremental perspective.
Keywords: Incremental Innovation; Radical Innovation; Entrepreneurial firms; Mixed Methodology.
How technology affects our ways of shopping? A historical analysis on the use of technologies in retailing
by Kung Wong LAU, Pui Yuen LEE
Abstract: From the use of mail-order system, vending machine to online and virtual shopping systems, technology plays a critical role in shaping our consumers shopping experiences and the retailing strategies historically. By applying advanced technologies in different historical periods, retailers and marketers could provide consumers with an effective purchase process and secure online transaction. This research adopted a historical analysis approach to review the influences of various technologies in different periods of time. A 5-level scale analysis had been applied to study the integration of technologies in retailing; they are (1) Entry; (2) Adoption; (3) Refinement; (4) Infusion; and (5) Transformation. Five key periods have been identified based on this analysis. This research is not going to build theories, but rather critically looking at how the emergence of advanced technologies in different stages of the chronological order that shaped our consumers. The analysis shows that the concept of shopping is no longer around retailing strategies in physical store but rather a bigger scope of virtual worlds. Technologies had been playing a crucial role in shaping our consumers experiences.
Keywords: Virtual Technology; Consumers; Ubiquitous Technology; Virtual Shopping; Retailing.
Paradigm Shift in the Definition of Domestic: A Global Perspective
by Yunus Cengel
Abstract: In the rapidly changing and competitive global environment, it is inevitable for the definition of domestic product or firm to undergo a fundamental change. The most domestic or national product of a country is one that is made by a company belonging to that country and provides the highest benefit to the people of that country regardless of the ratio of the domestic parts used and the country in which it is developed or manufactured. Likewise, the most domestic or national company is the one that belongs to that country and provides the highest benefit to the people of that country regardless of the ratio of the domestic parts it uses and the country where the manufacturing plants and research centers are established. The benefits provided to the people covers a wide range from increasing the gross domestic product to know-how development, from decreasing the current account deficit to contribution to the innovation ecosystem, and even overjoying the people with national pride as the world leader in a product or technology, like world championship in football.
Keywords: innovation; globalization; domestic goods; global cooperation; protectionism; national product; national firm.