International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development (11 papers in press)
Shall we cooperate, or shall we compete? How network learning episodes influence strategic decisions in strategic networks
by Douglas Wegner, Anelise Rebelato Mozzato
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine how network learning influences decisions about cooperative or competitive strategies between strategic networks composed of small firms. This study responds to calls for research on network learning and focuses on developing an understanding of how network learning episodes shape the decisions of managers in strategic networks. We achieve this by analysing four Brazilian strategic networks, three of which decided to cooperate, while the fourth decided to continue competing. Data was collected through eighteen interviews with network managers and network members to identify how network learning episodes happened in each strategic network. The results show that learning episodes were influenced by contextual factors and elements of content and processes, according to the network learning model of Knight and Pye (2005). We conclude by presenting theoretical and managerial implications for the field of collaborative strategies.
Keywords: Network learning; Learning episodes; Cooperation; Merger; Small firm networks; Collaborative strategies; Competition; Strategic networks; Interorganizational learning; Qualitative research.
The Impact of R&D Strategies on the Performance of New Product Development with emphasis on the Role of R&D Team Performance (Case Study: Hooshmand Sazeh Arvin Ara Corporation)
by Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi, Siamak Ghorbanian Aghdam
Abstract: The main goal of the paper is to study the effect of research and development strategies on performance of new product development with emphasis on the role of research and development team in Hooshmand Sazeh Arvin Ara Company (in the field of steel structures). This is an applied research and has done as a Survey, cause-effect research. In this research, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation test, and path analysis were used. In this survey, a questionnaire included 37 items has been distributed among 160 technicians, research and development, production and marketing experts of Houshmand Sazeh Arvin Ara Company whose work experience exceeds 3 years and research data have been analyzed by SPSS 21 and Smart PLS 2 statistic software. Various researchers in their research area have investigated the impact of research and development strategies on improving the performance of the research and development team or the impact of research and development strategies on the improving the performance of the new product development. Moreover they have studied the effect of performance of the research and development team on the improvement of performance of new product development. However research that specifically focuses on these three variables has not done on a single conceptual model so far. The innovation of this research is to examine the impact of these three variables in a single, general conceptual model. Findings of correlation show meaningful and positive relationship between model variables and indicate that research and development strategies contribute to performance of new product development that this influence is more when there is research and development team.
Keywords: R&D Strategies; R&D Teams; Performance; New Product Development.
The Effect of Spiritual Intelligence on Organizational Entrepreneurship: Case Study of Educational Departments in University of Tehran
by Mehdi Tajpour, Aidin Salamzadeh
Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of spiritual intelligence on organizational entrepreneurship. The present research has a practical approach, and in terms of data collection is a descriptive-survey which follows a quantitative approach. The statistical population of the study consisted of the employees of the educational departments of University of Tehran. By using a random sampling method and Cochrans formula, 140 subjects were considered as the sample size. Data analysis is performed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and Smart PLS software. The results of the research showed that spiritual intelligence had an 84 percent effect on organizational entrepreneurship. Also, the results of sub-assumptions showed that critical thinking (77%), personal presentation (13%), transcendental consciousness (37%), and establishing a position of consciousness (41%) affect organizational entrepreneurship.
Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence; Critical Thinking; Knowledge; Consciousness; Organizational Entrepreneurship.
Cost Matters to Small and Medium Enterprises: A Study of Malaysia Food and Beverage Manufacturing
by Diana-Rose Faizal, Zariyawati Mohd-Ashhari
Abstract: This study examines the costs faced by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) involved in food and beverage manufacturing. It investigates the relationship between product value and the costs of producing packaging and related branding. The majority of SMEs in Malaysia have limited funds for product related expenditure. The results from the partial least squares structural equation model (PLS-SEM) show a strong mediation between packaging and branding expenditure towards product value. The food and beverage industries are highly competitive and need to be focused on in more depth. This study, is potentially useful for future research directions on both theoretical and practical point of view.
Keywords: branding; cost; entrepreneur; food and beverage products; SMEs; small and medium enterprises; packaging; product value; PLS-SEM; partial least squares structural equation model.
ROLE OF MIDDLE MANAGERS IN STRATEGIC RENEWAL
by Eka Pria Anas, Adi Zakaria Afiff, Ruslan Prijadi
Abstract: The present study discusses the development of strategic renewal through the role of middle managers who pay proper attention to changes in their respective business environments. The following three approaches are used in this study: strategic renewal, the attention-based view and the strategic role of middle managers and uses the state-owned enterprise infrastructure in Indonesia to illustrate that middle managers can influence the course of a firms strategy. Middle managers at a particular position are more likely to change their firm-level strategies. Middle managers exert their influence by directing the attention of the top management to strategic opportunities. Such an effort is possible if middle managers pay attention to the changes in the firms environment, which requires support from several organizational factors as well. However, such a middle manager role is more effective when it is played by managers who are knowledgeable and experienced.
Keywords: attention-based view; strategic role of middle manager; strategic renewal; state-owned enterprise; partial least square; environmental changes; environmental scanning; cognitive function; firm behavior; issue selling-role.
Transfer of Training Determinants in Indian Public Organisations
by JOLLY SAHNI, Norshidah Mohamed
Abstract: The paper aims at investigating the transfer of training determinants in Indian public
organisations. The research is built upon the Kirkpatrick framework and CIPP (Context, Input,
Process, and Product) model. The research uses a survey approach. Data was collected
through structured survey questionnaires from a sample of 115 employees of selected public
organisations in India. In the present research, they represent the population of officers and
managers of selected public organisations in India. The research uses descriptive statistics and
Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) in analysing data. There is evidence to suggest that
employees overall satisfaction, training component, perceived training utility and trainers
performance relate to training effectiveness. Further, work environment and perceived transfer
performance relate to transfer of training. While the research provides the evidence for the
impact of training effectiveness on transfer of training, the relationship is weak, contrary to
prior research. Participants perceived training effectiveness, motivation to transfer training
and training design jointly determine the transfer of training. This study is different from other
researches on training effectiveness in that it develops a model to explain the individuals
transfer of training in Indian public organisations. For training professionals, the model and
instrument could be used for evaluating training effectiveness, participants motivation to
transfer training, training design and transfer of training. For academics, the result advances
the understanding of transfer of training determinants. One key limitation of the research is
that the findings cannot be generalised, as the sample is not random.
Keywords: Training effectiveness; Trainee satisfaction; Transfer of training; Indian Public Organization.
Corporate social responsibility and performance of SMEs in Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam)
by Binh Tu Van
Abstract: The paper aims to explore the impact of CSR on market-oriented performance and financial performance of SMEs. To do this, the sample selection is 620 SMEs. Results found that there is a significant contribution to the literature review, which the interest of the CSR creates the growth of the market-oriented performance, in which the sales growth, the productivity growth and the labor force growth are enclosed. This study answered the doubts about the impacts of the labor union organization on SMEs. Although many adjustments on labor union laws, but invisible, this finding does not bring any result for SMEs performance.
Keywords: CSR; firm performance; management; development; SMEs.
Leagility in fashion supply chains: the potential of integration for managing complexity
by Shahriare Mahmood, Hanna Kropsu-Vehkaperä, Pekka Kess
Abstract: Offshore manufacturing and outsourcing trend in recent days in fashion industry complicates their supply chain (SC). This study focuses to this perplexity and assesses the potentiality of Leagility to achieve required competitiveness in such circumstances. The nature of the fashion supply chain is recapitulated and the aspect of Leagility is observed within existing literature and through case studies. The tendency of global sourcing, e.g. quick supply of manufacture economically obliges them to rethink the SC strategy and Leagility is beneficent in this context in absorbing the turbulence. This research provides a direction to the retailers unsure about the apt strategy by demonstrating the relevance of Leagility in fashion SC. It also builds the base for further deeper study for implement the concept in different part of manufacturing chain.
Keywords: leagility; supply chain; fashion industry; responsiveness; analytic hierarchy process.
Key Determinants for Growth in High-Growth Ecuadorian Manufacturing Firms (HGFs)
by Luis Simbaña, Diana Ushiña, Marcela Salas, María Isabel Sánchez, Ximena Morales-Urrutia
Abstract: ABSTRACT High-growth firms (HGF's) have awakened the interest of policymakers, especially on their contribution to increasing employment index. The objective of this study is to analyze the key determinants that influence the growth of high-growth manufacturing companies in Ecuador. The research evaluated a sample of 143 HGF's between 2010 and 2015; the methodology of panel quantile regression was applied. The findings show that leverage, profitability, innovation, liquidity, solvency, and size have a positive impact on the growth rate of HGF's. Meanwhile, the age variable has a negative relationship in the equation. The results of this study provide solid elements to discuss and promote public and business policies in developing countries.
Keywords: Innovation; High-Growth Firm; Panel Quantile Regressions; Manufacturing Companies; Ecuador.
MODEL FORMULATION IN ANALYSIS LINKAGE OF INSTITUTIONAL SUPPLY CHAIN TO PERFORMANCE AND COMPETITIVENESS (CASE STUDY IN SMES CLUSTERS OF TOFU STICK IN TINALAN VILLAGE, KEDIRI CITY, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA)
by Siti Mustaniroh, Riska Septifani
Abstract: The problems of SMEs tofu stick in SMEs were difficulty to fulfill raw materials requirement. This study aimed to structurally and mathematically improve a model for analysis linkage perfomance, institutional of supply chain and competitiveness of SMEs. The method of analysis used was Partial Least Squared with institutional supply chain (X) as exogenous variables, and the SMEs performance (Y1) and the SMEs competitiveness (Y2) as endogenous variables. The model of structural equation was obtained, where Y1 = 0.682X + ζ and Y2 = 0.664X + 0.323 Y1 + ζ. The findings indicated that the institutional supply chain had a positive and significant impact on the performance and the competitiveness of SMEs, as supported by high levels of trust and skilled human resources. Managerial implication this research is SMEs need to emforcement synergism of institution supply chain and perfomance of SMEs for maximize goal of business.
Keywords: Competitiveness; Institutional; Performance; Supply Chain.
Potential Entrepreneurs Transition from Corporate Organizations: The Relationships of Organizational Culture and Entrepreneurial Motivation in Nigeria
by MUHAMMAD ADAMU
Abstract: The aim of this research is to examine the influence of organizational culture and entrepreneurial motivation on potential entrepreneurs in corporate organizations. Quantitative technique was employed through a cross-sectional survey where primary data has been collected for the study. Correlation coefficients were used, and the study findings suggested that organisational culture and entrepreneurial motivation significantly influences corporate effectiveness. Furthermore, this study theoretically incorporates the VEMT and SCTOP especially in developing the conceptual framework. The merging of these theories explicate the novelty of this study. Also, exploring the under-researched self-employment determinants in the context of Nigeria added value to the entrepreneurship literature.
Keywords: Keywords: potential entrepreneurs; transition; corporate organizations; organizational culture; entrepreneurial motivation; new venture; management; development.