International Journal of Management and Decision Making (4 papers in press)
Effect of project managers' skills on construction project delivery
by Ayodeji Emmanuel Oke, Alexander Ejiro Omoraka, Ibukun Ayeni
Abstract: Managers skills are important requirement in managing construction projects, and as an effective manager, it is the vital responsibility of the project manager to ascertain that work efforts of other participants are guided toward the accomplishment of organisational objectives. The main aim of this study was to assess project managers skills with a view to determining their effects on performance of construction projects. Data were collected with the aid of questionnaire administered on construction professionals. The results revealed communication, organisational and budgeting skills as the top three skills exhibited by project managers in project management (PM). Furthermore, architects and builders were revealed to exhibit most of the top three skills identified. The study therefore suggested Architects and Builders as the best professionals to carry out project managers duties on construction projects in the absence of a trained personnel. The study also revealed a poor level of concordance between the PM skills exhibited by the four professionals considered. Finally, project managers skills were revealed to have a significant effect on time, team and cost performance of construction projects.
Keywords: Kendall's coefficient of concordance; level of agreement; level of
significance; project management; PM; project managers' skills; project
A note on the value of diversity in organisations
by Terry L. Howard, Evan A. Peterson, Gregory W. Ulferts
Abstract: Diversitys value lies in recognising the potential opportunity and capitalising on it by preparing for a new organisational context. Diversity in the workforce provides benefits that resonance with the globalised market including the interaction between new and different points of view that can result in innovation, differentiation, and a competitive advantage. Further, diversity is unavoidable as demographic factors converge to increase the diversity of the labour pool. While a prepared labour pool is critical, this paper investigates what leaders must do to prepare the organisation. Diversity can represent a new competitive advantage as confirmed by research, but so is the potential for adverse impacts. Adverse effects can occur given the potential for diverse teams to fail to mesh, but they can be mitigated or even avoided altogether with planning. The analysis shows that human resource professionals have a critical role in preparing organisations for this new reality by ensuring that the organisation and resulting workforce recognises the value of diversity and knows how to embrace it. Organisations who are not proactive in planning for diversity, or alternately implement diversity strategies without understanding the underlying factors may not reap the advantages.
Keywords: diversity; human resources; diversity value.
A note on the impact of leadership style on organisational culture
by Terry L. Howard, Gregory W. Ulferts
Abstract: This paper discusses leadership's role in shaping organisational culture. The discussion will explore the relationship between leadership and organisational culture. The study will examine the leadership characteristics and skills and the leadership styles that promote a healthy culture. The discussion will include particular situations that involve crises, the use of power, and ethical leadership in a healthy organisation. Leadership can be simple or complex depending on the situation, the group, and the people involved. Direction and culture can affect each other. Regardless of the situation, there must be respect, transparency, and trust. There is an interconnection between leadership and organisational culture.
Keywords: leadership; culture; leadership style; organisational culture.
Analysing agile governance processes in the Brazilian Government scenario
by Thaiana Lima, Carlos Eduardo Barbosa, Jano Moreira De Souza
Abstract: The governance and management of IT resources is essential for the organisations because its practices control costs, risks, and security; thus, optimising the process involving technological resources. Agile governance processes is one type of IT governance. Assess and compare agile governance processes used in the Brazilian Government. Use SWOT, cross-impact analysis and interview techniques to understand and assess the IT governance practices, focused in the Brazilian Government sectors. We raised characteristics, strengths, limitations, and improvement points for the agile governance processes. Experts of the field assessed the relevance of each improvement point. Agile governance processes has some improvement points, which depend on the specific process used PES or MAnGve.
Keywords: agile governance; government sector; IT governance; Brazil.