International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital (8 papers in press)
The impact of board's human capital on the relationship between board's characteristics and firm's performance in Iran
by Mahdi Salehi, Marziyeh Farzaneh
Abstract: The current study aims to investigate the effects of boards human
capital on the relationship between boards characteristics and firms
performance. The Q Tobins and return on assets, which represent firms
performance, are considered as the dependent variables and independent
variables include boards human capital, board dependence and managerial
share ownership based upon a sample of 990 firm-year data from companies
listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange from 2008 to 2014 using multivariate
linear regression analysis, it is concluded that boards human capital positively
affects the relationship between boards dependence and performance and also
managerial share ownership and performance. The results indicate that firms
benefit from board human capital in terms of outside directors proficiency,
validity, experience, specialty and knowledge to monitor and counsel
Keywords: Resource dependence theory; Board's human capital; Managerial share ownership; Board dependence.
Examining the Relationship between Intellectual Capital and Financial Performance: An Empirical Study of Service and Manufacturing Sector of India
by Raman Deep, Karam Pal Narwal
Abstract: The purpose of present study is to analyse the relative importance of intellectual capital (IC) components in financial performance measures, i.e., productivity, profitability and market valuation respectively. For this purpose, banking informational technology, textile and pharmaceutical industry has been chosen for the study. The results of the panel regression analysis show that IC has a significant impact in increasing the profitability and market valuation of both sectors. The structural capital is not having any significant role to play in increasing the market valuation of both sectors. The results further found that human and structural capital in manufacturing sector shows a negative association with productivity of the companies. The study also found that physical capital is the strongest component in explaining the financial performance and market valuation of both sectors. It is advisable to managers to take more active role in encouragement of development of IC.
Keywords: VAICTM; Human Capital Efficiency; Structural Capital Efficiency; Physical Capital Efficiency; Productivity; Profitability and Market Valuation.
Does Voluntary Disclosures Contributed to the Intellectual Capital Efficiency?
by Amina Buallay, Allam Mohammed Hamdan, Qasem Zreqat, Esra Saleh
Abstract: This study examined the relationship between voluntary disclosures
(VD) and intellectual capital (IC) efficiency. The independent variables
constitute 12 VD self-constructed indices with total 55 disclosure items. HCE,
SCE and CEE form the components of the dependent variable which is IC
efficiency. Four control variables used for measuring the relationship between
VD and IC. A pooled data of 150 observations from Bahrain listed firms for the
period 20112015 was examined, a multiple regression model was incorporated
under random-effect method. The analysis indicates that disclosure index of
corporate information is the highest 89.3% whereas the annual report disclosure
index ranked Bahraini firms the lowest disclosure with 57.1%. The findings
revealed VD positively affect the components of IC. VD indices found to be
higher with firms big assets/older age. General corporate information/financial
indexes found higher in younger firms. It was found more VD the higher IC
Efficiency since VDI found to be significant in all models.
Keywords: Human capital efficiency (HCE); Structural capital efficiency (SCE); Capital Employed Efficiency (CEE); Voluntary Disclosure (VD); Intellectual Capital (IC); Kingdom of Bahrain.
The role of university's intellectual capital in creation of scientific activity's results
by A. Maltseva, I. Veselov, I. Lelchitskiy, A. Gridchina, E. Maimina
Abstract: The authors substantiate the role and significance of intellectual capital's factors for the development of scientific activity of modern domestic universities using statistical methodology. On the basis of correlation of intellectual capital's factors with generalising indicators of scientific activity, the high influence of publication activity, collaborations with foreign partners, defending dissertations was determined. All these factors can become decisive in the development of universities' scientific activity.
Keywords: university; intellectual capital; result; factor; correlation.
Designing a model for identifying key factors of error management culture using grounded theory: an empirical study
by Ali Sheikhaboumasoudi, Ali Nasr Isfahani, Ali Shaemi Barzoki
Abstract: Error management culture points out that error prevention may be effective in stable environments and with people who are able to predict errors. Error management culture could reduce negative consequences of errors and increase their positive outcomes. Thus, this study tends to design a paradigmatic model for error management culture to better understand the components of this culture. The methodology used is qualitative and based on grounded theory. Findings indicate that the underlying factors, causal factors and intermediary factors are determined at three levels: individual, managerial, and organisational. Detection, acceptance and rapid error control, error knowledge management, error leadership, coordination for error handling, effective error handling, open and transparent communication about errors, and error analysis act as strategies in this process. Outcomes of error management culture are also identified at three levels: individual, managerial, and organisational. EM-based organisational architecture, as a central category, relates these categories through a paradigmatic model.
Keywords: error; error management; error management culture; EM-based organisational architecture; grounded theory.
Global talent program as determinants of employees' performance on telecommunication company in Indonesia
by Hani Gita Ayuningtias, Grisna Anggadwita, Aditya Yuda Prasetia
Abstract: Employee performance is one of the key factors in winning global competition. Telkom Indonesia is Indonesia's largest telecommunication company that continuously develops human resources professionalism through global training program (GTP). The program aims to prepare the talent leader to go international company. This study aims to identify GTP factors that affect the improvement of employee performance in Telkom Indonesia Company. This research uses quantitative method with survey approach. A total of 92 respondents participated in the filling questionnaire. An analysis technique uses descriptive analysis and multiple linear regressions. The results show that GTP training has a significant effect on employee performance of Telkom Indonesia Company. The company is advised to improve the appropriate training materials on GTP training, so that employees can easily apply the material obtained to complete the work. Company also needs to improve the aspect of employee timelines to use work time effectively and improve individual performance.
Keywords: employee performance; global competition; Telkom Indonesia Company; GTP; global talent program.
The role of organisational culture in enhancing the human capital applied study on the social security corporation
by Abdallah Mishael Obeidat, Shadi Habis Abualoush, Hani Jazza Irtaimeh, Aminah A. Khaddam, Khaled Adnan Bataineh
Abstract: This study aims to investigate the impact of organisational culture on human capital in Social Security Corporation in Jordan; data were gathered from 150 employees working at Social Security Corporation in Jordan. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the research hypotheses, the results of the analysis showed that organisational culture had a positive effect on human capital. The results also showed that trust, reward systems and trend toward participation, had a positive effect on human capital. The results revealed that information system dimension did not have a significant impact on human capital. In light of these findings, study thus provide many implications of researchers and managers despite the presence of some limitations.
Keywords: organisational culture; human capital; Social Security Corporation; Jordan.
Ownership structure and intellectual capital: evidence from the GCC countries
by Abdalmuttaleb M.A. Musleh Al-Sartawi
Abstract: Intellectual capital (IC) has become a vital indicator of firms' ability to manage their assets to create long-term competitive advantage by increasing the percentage of knowledge-based investments. Developing countries such as the Gulf cooperation council (GCC) are currently emphasising their diversification efforts on transforming their countries into knowledge economies. This research considers ownership structure as part of the governance mechanisms within a firm that would contribute in explaining variations in the level of IC disclosure in the GCC. Accordingly, this paper set out to investigate the relationship between ownership structure and intellectual capital in GCC listed firms by developing a regression model using IC index as a dependent variable, ownership structure as an independent variable, and several control variables such as corporate governance, company age, size and financial leverage. It concluded that there is a significant and negative relationship between ownership structure (director's ownership, managerial ownership, institutional ownership, government ownership and foreign ownership) and ICL.
Keywords: intellectual capital; corporate governance; human capital; structural capital; relational capital.