International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital (6 papers in press)
Does Voluntary Disclosures Contributed to the Intellectual Capital Efficiency?
by Amina Buallay, Allam Mohammed Hamdan, Qasem Zreqat, Esra Saleh
Abstract: This study examined the relationship between voluntary disclosures
(VD) and intellectual capital (IC) efficiency. The independent variables
constitute 12 VD self-constructed indices with total 55 disclosure items. HCE,
SCE and CEE form the components of the dependent variable which is IC
efficiency. Four control variables used for measuring the relationship between
VD and IC. A pooled data of 150 observations from Bahrain listed firms for the
period 20112015 was examined, a multiple regression model was incorporated
under random-effect method. The analysis indicates that disclosure index of
corporate information is the highest 89.3% whereas the annual report disclosure
index ranked Bahraini firms the lowest disclosure with 57.1%. The findings
revealed VD positively affect the components of IC. VD indices found to be
higher with firms big assets/older age. General corporate information/financial
indexes found higher in younger firms. It was found more VD the higher IC
Efficiency since VDI found to be significant in all models.
Keywords: Human capital efficiency (HCE); Structural capital efficiency (SCE); Capital Employed Efficiency (CEE); Voluntary Disclosure (VD); Intellectual Capital (IC); Kingdom of Bahrain.
Perception intelligence as an element of human intellectual capital and its assessment among university students
by Vladimir Alexandrovich Dresvyannikov, Vladimir Dmitrievich Dorofeev, Svetlana Vikotorovna Taktarova
Abstract: In this paper, on the basis of a multi-factorial theory, a six-element structure of the intelligence is presented as the basis of human intellectual capital. To assess the first element
Keywords: intelligence; human intellectual capital; multi-factor intelligence theory; intelligence structure; intelligence of perception; intelligence assessment; assessment of students' intelligence perception.
The impact of board's human capital on the relationship between board's characteristics and firm's performance in Iran
by Mahdi Salehi, Marziyeh Farzaneh
Abstract: The current study aims to investigate the effects of board's human capital on the relationship between board's characteristics and firm's performance. The Q Tobin's and return on assets, which represent firm's performance, are considered as the dependent variables and independent variables include board's human capital, board dependence and managerial share ownership based upon a sample of 990 firm-year data from companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange from 2008 to 2014 using multivariate linear regression analysis, it is concluded that board's human capital positively affects the relationship between board's dependence and performance and also managerial share ownership and performance. The results indicate that firms benefit from board human capital in terms of outside directors' proficiency, validity, experience, specialty and knowledge to monitor and counsel managers.
Keywords: resource dependence theory; board's human capital; managerial share ownership; board dependence.
Examining the relationship between intellectual capital and financial performance: an empirical study of service and manufacturing sector of India
by Raman Deep Singh, Karam Pal Narwal
Abstract: The purpose of present study is to analyse the relative importance of intellectual capital (IC) components in financial performance measures, i.e., productivity, profitability and market valuation respectively. For this purpose, banking informational technology, textile and pharmaceutical industry has been chosen for the study. The results of the panel regression analysis show that IC has a significant impact in increasing the profitability and market valuation of both sectors. The structural capital is not having any significant role to play in increasing the market valuation of both sectors. The results further found that human and structural capital in manufacturing sector shows a negative association with productivity of the companies. The study also found that physical capital is the strongest component in explaining the financial performance and market valuation of both sectors. It is advisable to managers to take more active role in encouragement of development of IC.
Keywords: VAICTM; human capital efficiency; structural capital efficiency; physical capital efficiency; productivity; profitability and market valuation.
Business relational capital and firm performance: an insight from Indian textile industry
by Murale Venugopalan, Gyanendra Singh Sisodia, Preetha Rajeevkumar
Abstract: Organisations subsist in a knowledge-based society where there exist a strong need to interact with its environment and establish relations. These relationships help firms to procure and share knowledge which is quintessential for carrying out their operations. The goal of this study ascertains the impact of relational capital management in firm's performance in the textile industry in India. The study was conducted among managers of leading textile manufacturing firms in Tiruppur area. The hypothesis set for the study was empirically tested by using partial least square method, in the models set for the study was found to be valid at P < 0.05. The paper concludes that relational capital components and the firm performance are positively related.
Keywords: intangible capital; business relational capital; strategic alliance; customer capital; firm performance; India; textile industry.
Human capital differentiation: toward human resource systems differentiation
by Sayyed Mohsen Zare, Ali Shaemi Barzoki, Mohammad Esmaeil Ansari, Mehdi Abzari
Abstract: The existence of different human capital in organisations and the emphasis on its effective management has brought a new approach in the field of human resource management. The best configuration approach seeks to create compatibility between human resource approaches and the characteristics of human capital in the organisation. This study aims to identify human capital uniqueness and strategic value as a two dimensions of human resource architecture and classify this different workforce in the organisation. The 364 jobs have been identified and initially grouped by International Standard Classification of Occupations. The 33 experts of Isfahan Municipality were selected and the data related to job groups through a questionnaire were collected. The results show these jobs can be arranged within three main categories of key, traditional, and contractual employees. This means there is some variety of workforce in organisations that requires planning and designing different human resource systems in the future.
Keywords: strategic human resource management; human capital; differentiated human resource management; human resource architecture.