International Journal of Logistics Economics and Globalisation (6 papers in press)
Automaker in Brazil: integration of small business operations as suppliers
by Hamilton Pozo, Takeshy Tachizawa, Getulio Akabane
Abstract: The objective of this research is to present the elements of integration of small business suppliers with the automotive sector, focused on their importance. It is a qualitative and quantitative research, applying multivariate statistical techniques to analyze the data collected in structured interviews, in order to reduce the bias and facilitate a deeper understanding through the collection and analysis of this data. The results indicate that there is a positive and significant correlation between the relationships that integrate micro and small companies that participate in the supply chain of the automotive industry through the supply of parts and components. The expected study contributes to the construction of a functional model of integration of these suppliers with automakers.
Keywords: Automaker; supplier integration; small business; collaborative relationship.
A qualitative analysis of maritime literature
by Ismail Bilge Çetin, Sedat Baştuğ
Abstract: The aim of this study was to explore and determine how maritime literature on freight transportation has developed and reveal prospects to academic researchers. To do this, journal articles were selected using the social science citation index, and a content analysis conducted on 3,365 articles. The findings show that most of this literature focuses on freight rates, with most studies specifically investigating container ships and bulk carriers. Other areas, i.e., rail road, coastal shipping, etc., remain under researched.
Keywords: academic literature; maritime transportation; systematic literature review; shipping journal.
A review of the current research status of China's ancient logistics
by Yuanyuan Zhang, Meng Xu
Abstract: Although the concept of 'logistics' is exotic, 'the flow of things' has existed in ancient China. In recent years, many scholars have devoted themselves to the research of China's ancient logistics and have achieved fruitful results. These achievements have focused on the research on the transportation and storage of Chinese ancient logistics. This article is divided into four parts to summarise the literature research status of China's ancient logistics transportation, logistics storage, regional logistics, logistics management thought and management system and gives a brief overview of the cost control of ancient logistics, ancient military logistics, ancient reverse logistics and so on. The evaluation of the current research status of China's ancient logistics has been made and it is believed that although the study has some reference significance, it is still not systematic, so it is necessary to strengthen the research on the ancient logistics in China.
Keywords: ancient China; logistics management; literature research; China; ancient logistics; warehousing; transportation; regional logistics; logistics management thought; logistics management system; logistics cost; military logistics; reverse logistics.
Cold chain logistics: an impediment in the perishable food industry of India
by Binod Kumar Singh, Saurav Negi
Abstract: Indian agriculture sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy by contributing 17.9% of GDP. Fruits and vegetables sector play an important role in the Indian agriculture sector which is suffering from huge post-harvest losses due to improper cold chain logistics. This study gives an insight of post harvest losses and its linkage with cold chain logistics in India. This paper discussed the challenges of cold chain industry in India, cold chain gap assessment, and post-harvest losses due to inadequate cold chain. SCOPE Situational analysis, PESTEL analysis and SWOT analysis is conducted in detail, which revealed that cold chain industry is facing various challenges like high cost of investments, energy requirements, poor visibility of the products in transit, uneven distribution of cold chain capacities, and obsolete technology. Further, this study is also able to draw a roadmap that can be used by stakeholders and policy makers in this sector to minimise post-harvest losses.
Keywords: cold chain logistics; logistics infrastructure; Indian economy; food losses; food supply chain; India.
An analytical study on the likely causes of the minor bubbles in the Baltic dry index
by Abdullah Açık, Sadık Özlen Başer
Abstract: The imbalances between supply and demand in the maritime market bring about long-run and short-run cyclicality in the freight rates. In the long-run, the equilibrium mechanism lasts for many years, and in the short-run, small deviations occur due to the effects of sudden shocks. Those in the positive direction of these deviations cause minor bubbles at freight rates. The aim of this study is to contribute to the existing maritime economics literature by empirically identifying these minor bubble dates, analysing the events corresponding to those days, and revealing the factors that cause bubble formation in the dry bulk market. In this direction, firstly the price bubbles in the Baltic dry index (BDI) have been determined by generalised sup augmented Dickey-Fuller (GSADF) test. Then the market reports corresponding to these bubble dates have been analysed, and the events which might boost freight rates have been detected. The results of the analysis reveals that, these events could be categorised such eight factors as climatic factors, cultural factors, political factors, voyage factors, operational factors, production factors, adjacent market factors and sentiment factors.
Keywords: freight rates; price bubbles; Baltic dry index; BDI; generalised sup augmented Dickey-Fuller; GSADF.
The impact of exchange rate volatility on the industry-level geographic diversification of global supply chain network
by Jian-yu Fisher Ke, Tayyeb Shabbir, Jasmin Corona
Abstract: This study examines the net impact of exchange rate volatility on the industry-level geographic diversification of global supply chain network through trade data. The findings show that exchange rate volatility has an inverse yet nonlinear relationship regarding the choices of export destinations and import origins at the level of industries. This study suggests that firms consider potential exchange rate volatility in the design of supply chain network and develop resilient portfolios of customers and suppliers. The policy implications are discussed.
Keywords: exchange rate risk; global supply chain; global financial crisis.