International Journal of Knowledge and Learning (7 papers in press)
Philosophical Prospective of Organizational Learning
by Jamshid Ali Turi, Shahryar Sorooshian, Fatimah Binti Mahmud, Gusman Nawanir, Touhidul Islam
Abstract: This article reviews and evaluates the concepts of the philosophical foundation of the organizational learning. Drawing on established literature in the field of organizational learning, the authors analyze learning from three perspectivesEpistemological, Ontological and Sociological. They argue that how different internal and external phenomenon gives birth to the learning in the organization and how the organization can benefit utilizing them for the better management and productive engagement. The study concludes with some practical suggestions about how organizations can increase their ability to learn.
Keywords: organizational learning; sociological; epistemological and ontological prospective.
Perspective of Social Media as an Organizational KM Tool: Contemporary Literature Review
by Amjad Khalili, Ala Abbadi
Abstract: Organizational Knowledge Management (KM) has been well comprehended over the past couple of decades as a significant fragment of leading enterprises. Besides, it is deliberated an integral module of a business organization. Globalization plays a significant role in how business is conducted leading to innovative technologicaltrends. Social media (SM) tools such as blogs, wikis, and other social networking platforms have taken the world by rna storm and are no longer a trivial phenomenon. SM has become a mainstream tool enabling people to connect, communicate, collaborate, producing new possibilities and challenges to facilitate easier, faster, and more rnwidespread sharing of information through this energetic, and intricate information infrastructure. This paper reviews literature on business motives for social software adoption, the benefits, related issues and mitigation of the said issues. Further, it critically reviews SM literature and its effects on KM to better understand the effective usage and potential of related tools and how these enhance business environment and sharing knowledge. We explored the relationship between national culture and social media enabled KM.
Keywords: Knowledge; Social media; blogs; facebook; culture.
Knowledge Transfer in Non-profit Organizations: A Qualitative Study
by Saswat Barpanda, T. Mridula
Abstract: In this 21st century, the importance of knowledge transfer is evident in all the organization. There are two reasons. First, knowledge appears to be an increasing proportion of the total asset. Second, the advance in information technology has created new means of knowledge transfer. Effective knowledge transfer can improve the organization performance and gain competitive advantage. There is only a limited research done on the knowledge transfer in non-profit organizations. This paper tries to highlight the relevance of knowledge transfer and the factors contributing to it in non- profit organizations and how it shapes various organizational processes. A qualitative study has been used in this research considering 4 non-governmental organizations in the Southern state of Kerala, India. The primary data has been collected through unstructured interview and the secondary data from the reports, newsletters, articles, organizational, websites. content analysis and other exploratory methods using Nvivo software have been used to analyze the data. The outcome of the study would be to provide a framework that intends to help the non- profit organizations to plan, conduct and evaluate the efforts which are used to transfer knowledge with others.
Keywords: Knowledge Transfer; Knowledge management; Non profit Organization; Qualitative study.
Critical success factors of knowledge Management Implementation in higher learning institutions
by Mum Wai Yip, Alex Hou Hong Ng
Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the soft elements of critical success factors and perceived benefits of Knowledge Management (KM) in higher learning institutions which can lead to the development of the KM Model for higher learning institutions. The sample was drawn from 99 respondents, who were mainly the senior leadership team members and senior faculty members. A total of 400 respondents within the Klang Valley were invited to participate in the study which involved a survey and the response rate was 25%. The outcomes of this study revealed that organizational culture and top management leadership have a positive relationship with the perceived benefits of KM. Nevertheless, education and training has a negative relationship with the perceived benefits of KM. On the other hand, the employee participation and empowerment through teamwork did not show any relationship with the perceived benefits of KM. The research is based on a survey conducted at various higher learning institutions within the Klang Valley only. This study can be further expanded across the Malaysian higher learning industry. The results of the study can be further validated by a qualitative research method. The contribution of this study may help the higher learning institutions that are implementing or seeking to launch a KM initiative as this model would be very useful to maximise their chances of success. This paper develops the model of KM success factors for higher learning institutions. The model consists of organisational culture, top management leadership, education and training, employee participation and empowerment through teamwork. It is believed that this model will bring the perceived benefits to the higher learning institutions and assist them to implement KM successfully.
Keywords: Knowledge Management; critical success factors; soft elements; higher learning institutions; knowledge economy; perceived benefits; KM success model; professional competency; innovation.
Employees' Risk Taking Capabilities and Learning Organization: Moderating role of Organizational Size
by Sunil Budhiraja, Meenakshi Malhotra, Neeraj Kaushik
Abstract: The study aims to assess the moderating role of organizational size in relationship between employees' risk taking capabilities and learning inside an organization. A conceptual model has been framed based upon the grounded theory methodology (Strauss & Corbin, 1990). Structural equation modelling (SEM) has been used to assess the model using AMOS (version 20) on four hundred and forty four valid responses from entry and middle level IT employees. The findings of the study indicate that size of the organization plays a significant role in leveraging the risk taking capabilities of employees and fostering continuous learning. Further medium size organizations are doing better in leveraging risk taking capabilities of employees as compared to small and large organizations. The findings of the study shall help IT companies to develop some interventions in order to strengthen the risk taking capabilities of employees and strengthen overall organizational learning. No such effort has been made to assess the role organizational size in the relationship between employee's risk taking capabilities and learning organization in Indian context. The study shall contribute in the existing literature and help HR practitioners in building successful Learning Organization.
Keywords: Learning Organization; Risk taking capability; Individual creativity; Organizational Size.
Individual study work and lecturer support as predictors of students academic success
by Nazmi Xhomara
Abstract: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationships between individual study work and lecturer support, and students academic success, as well as the influence of individual study work and lecturer support on students academic success. The mixed approach is the method used in the study. A random cluster sample of students and a purposive sample of lecturers, a structured questionnaire, and a semi-structured interview were selected to be used in the study. The study demonstrated that individual study work influences strongly students academic success, meanwhile lecturer support doesnt influence it. At the same time, students academic success has been explained strongly by individual study work and lecturer support. This study is one of a very small number of studies reporting similar results.
Keywords: individual study work; lecturer support; students’ academic success.
Understanding Entrepreneurial Intention among Indian Youth Aspiring for SelfEmployment
by Yasir Arafat, Imran Saleem, Amit Kumar Dwivedi
Abstract: Purpose - The main aim of this study is to confirm whether Entrepreneurial Intention Models (EIM) explain the entrepreneurial phenomenon when applied to India.rnrnDesign/methodology/approach We have tested the Ajzens theory of planned behavior (TPB) framework for testing entrepreneurial intention (EI) in Indian setting. The data has been collected by administering Entrepreneurial Intention Questionnaire (EIQ) among the students of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India who are aspiring to take up self-employment as their career option. The paper employs a linear regression model to examine the determinants of entrepreneurial intention (EI) based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB).rnrnFindings Results obtained partially support the theory of planned behavior. The construct Social Norms (SN) found to be insignificant in predicting entrepreneurial intention (EI). Moreover, Perceived Behavioral Control (PBC) or Self-efficacy explains highest variance than other variables which indicates that entrepreneurial behavior is not under volitional control; hence, India has a less munificent environment for entrepreneurs than other nations. rnrnOriginality/value This is one of the few studies to provide evidence for Entrepreneurial Intention Models (EIM) in India based on the TPB framework. In addition, it checks the robustness of the TPB in explaining EI in India and confirm the some of the previous findings.rn
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Entrepreneurial Intention; Theory of Planned Behavior; Students; Intention models; Start-up; Venture creation.