International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development (5 papers in press)
Relating inclusiveness and innovativeness in inclusive innovation
by Malin Lindberg
Abstract: The increasing interest in innovative solutions to societal challenges in policy and research has opened up the innovation area for a wider range of participants and beneficiaries than previously acknowledged, which in this article is studied in terms of inclusive innovation. In order to strengthen the conceptual connection between the dawning field of inclusive innovation studies and more established fields within innovation studies, the study scrutinizes how innovativeness relates to inclusiveness and vice versa in the light of previous knowledge. The conceptual outline is applied in a comparative case study of two regional innovation processes in Sweden, that share the ambition to tackle societal challenges by cross-boundary interaction, guided by values of equality and sustainability, at the same time as differing in scope and beneficiaries, due to their industrial and societal orientations. The combined theoretical and practical insights help delineate six distinct links between innovativeness and inclusiveness in inclusive innovation.
Keywords: Inclusive innovation; inclusiveness; innovation; innovativeness; participatory innovation; regional development; social innovation.
Innovative Regional Development through Triple Helix Collaboration: A Comparative Case Study of Strategic Structures and Implementation
by Tuomo Kinnunen, Satu Rinkinen, Jukka Majava, Jay Gillette
Abstract: Intense global competition forces regions to seek new ways to boost innovativeness and the success of local enterprises. This paper focuses on triple helix collaboration to support regional innovation-led development and economy. Various options exist for structuring and implementing triple helix collaboration. However, current empirical knowledge is inadequate for stakeholders interested and involved in regional strategy creation and implementation. This study analyses the strategic structures and implementation of triple helix collaboration in two regional cases: Brainport (Netherlands) and Oulu Innovation Alliance (OIA, Finland). Case Brainport introduces a holistic approach and high profile role in regional development, whereas case OIA demonstrates the knowledge institutes role in regional development in five spearhead areas. The cases illustrate two empirical ways to utilise triple helix mandate and strategic structures in regional development and strategy processes. The case comparison demonstrates diverse options for organising triple helix collaboration.
Keywords: regional development; regional innovation; triple helix; collaboration; innovation; empirical case studies.
Social Entrepreneurship and Charismatic Leadership: Master Cheng Yen and Tzu Chi Foundation
by Ho-Don Yan, Chi-Yin Wu, Ruey-Fa Lin
Abstract: Successful social enterprises are usually accompanied with charismatic leadership, which is instrumental to stimulate followers to help accomplish social missions. Based on three key behavioral components of charismatic leadership, namely envisioning, empathy, and empowerment, we propose an analytical framework to demonstrate how a faith-based organization, Tzu Chi Foundation under the leadership of Master Cheng Yen, develops effective motivational strategies to help mobilize an enormous number of followers to fulfill the goals of social missions. In order to capture the interaction between leaders and followers and its performance, we use qualitative study method by focusing on important details. Due to the inaccessible interview with Master Cheng Yen, data are adopted from articles, reports, and researches of Tzu Chi Foundation and its followers. Notwithstanding, we take stock of an earned-income social enterprise, DA.AI Technology, which is created by some successful entrepreneurs following Master Cheng Yen, as a case to provide a way to avoid the tensions of mission conflicts. We finalize to discuss that even Tzu Chi Foundation could not escape from the trepidation of succession issue and group thinking as over-relying upon charismatic leadership might incur.
Keywords: social entrepreneurship; charismatic leadership; social enterprise; Tzu Chi Foundation; empathy; empowerment; Innovation.
CHARACTERIZATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE INNOVATION NETWORK OF THE VALPARA
by Jose O. Maldifassi, Ricardo A. Stambuk M.
Abstract: The Valpara
Keywords: Regional innovation system; innovation network; social network analysis; CORFO; Valparaíso Region; Chile.
The construction of unbalanced innovation policies in Catalonia (Spain)
by Manuel Ahedo
Abstract: The article analyses the evolution of innovation policies in Catalonia between the 1980s and 2016-2017. From a broad perspective, innovation policies also include from include research, technology and knowledge transfer policies, to industrial and competitiveness policies. The analysis examines at the micro level the main actors in the innovation policy, and at the macro level the institutional order related to government, business system, industrial structure and innovation-related public and private institutions. The analysis shows: the micro field has been dominated by few key actors, such as academic economists, large companies and university research groups; at the macro institutional order, regional government has displayed a quite centralized decision-making in contrast to a weak industrial civil society and a low innovation-related public-private collaboration. The result has been a rather unbalanced policy evolution that has favored science and research in detriment of innovation and industry, especially business and production related technological innovation.
Keywords: SMEs, government, public-private cooperation, research, specialization, industrial policies, institutional order, ideas, interests, power.