International Journal of Innovation in Education (8 papers in press)
Changes in Educational Leadership: Case Study of a Hong Kong Education Centre
by Yui Yip Lau
Abstract: Educational leadership has paid significant attention to educational research over the past two decades. In Hong Kong, education centres are encountering both opportunities and challenges due to the globalisation, knowledge economy, demographic changes, international higher education development, local educational reform and global culture diversity characterising the new millennium. An appropriate leadership style ensures that Hong Kong education centres achieve quality, accountability and market competitiveness. Based on Fullans (1999) work, in this study, we present a real-world case study of the changes sustained by a Hong Kong education centre. In particular, we focus on the ongoing changes (i.e., initiation, implementation and institutionalisation) in this centre under transformational leadership over a period of about five years to observe and examine the effectiveness and suitability of the leadership model. This study, which is designed to analyse the centres management and changes under transformational leadership. The centre achieves sustainable competitive advantages in the new century.
Keywords: Educational leadership; Hong Kong education centre; Transformational leadership.
Limiting resources to build classroom community in a flipped pre-service teacher course for pre-service middle school teachers
by Rebecca Dibbs, Janessa Beach, Daniel Rios
Abstract: Students are at risk of struggling academically and socially in the first two semesters following a transfer to a university setting. Helping transfer students in this critical period is complicated by a large variance in students prerequisite knowledge. A flipped classroom with a large group work component may help students form cohort bonds; however, it is difficult to get groups of students comfortable enough to engage in such discussions. The purpose of this mixed method case study was to investigate how limiting groups resources to a single smartpen and notebook helped students form a strong classroom community that integrates all students. Sixteen pre-service middle school teachers from seven different transfer institutions were enrolled in a flipped precalculus course using smartpens to record their activities. Findings indicated that the smartpens helped students build stronger cohort bonds and encouraged students to confront their own misconceptions about the material.
Keywords: smartpen; mathematics education; flipped classroom; classroom community; pre-service teachers; pre-calculus; transfer students; mixed methods; social network; United States; undergraduates.
Positioning Educational Makerspaces within Schools Serving Low-Socioeconomic Status Students
by Lou Lahana
Abstract: Educational Makerspaces are fertile grounds for students to develop innovative products infused with STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Math) principles, and practice social action. Yet, rarely do these Makerspaces prioritize such outcomes. Rather, they tend to revolve around the creation of novel artifacts using low- and high technology. Drawing on field observations, interviews, and artifact analysis, this qualitative study explored the experiences of low-socioeconomic students participating in a social action themed School Makerspace. Based on a transformative research perspective, the teacher-researcher sought not only to infuse STEAM and social studies into student work, but to also address the participation divide, a term suggesting that students of higher socioeconomic status have more opportunity to produce media creatively than their low-SES counterparts. Qualitative results indicated that students reported increased agency in effecting positive change in their world. Their creation process required extensive research and brought about social action within their communities. Their products included a cigarette smoke-detecting shirt, an edible bug stand, and handcrafted wallets and jewelry for the homeless. The study concludes with recommendations for the implementation of Educational Makerspaces in schools.
Keywords: Educational Makerspace; participation divide; social action; educational technology; middle school.
The application of corpus in English Structure Analysis class: a case of adjective clause construction
by Tantri Refa Indhiarti
Abstract: Students grammatical competence in classes of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) can be developed by providing them with a sufficient amount of language samples to allow them to gain more insight into language structure and use. This purpose may be made possible by using corpus-based language teaching and learning. The corpus is subjected to a concordance analysis to find occurrences of a particular word in several texts. Regarding this analysis, this paper presents the authors experience in the application of corpus concordance in helping the students in Structure Analysis class understand the construction of English sentences containing adjective or relative clause. The adjective clause is under discussion based on the pre-test scores on adverbial clause, non-finite clause, coordinative clause and adjective clause in which the students score on adjective score was the lowest. In the realm of action research, a variety of data was collected, including the students corpus search projects and reflection papers and teachers teaching journals. A close analysis of the data reveals findings on the concordance lines showing how the keywords of the study namely relative pronouns are being used in the corpus. These concordance lines then are used by the students to explore the construction of English sentence containing the pronouns after some brief theoretical foundations about the concordance. In addition, the performed corpus-based activity enables the students to transfer their background knowledge of the construction into paragraph writing exercises.
Keywords: corpus concordance; English Structure Analysis class; adjective clause construction.
Examining Higher Educational Institutes For Better Growth of National Economy Through Structured Innovation
by Ankur Kashyap
Abstract: This study elucidates the role of Structured Innovation (SI) in the field of higher education and suggests the recommendations for its stakeholders. The process consists of comparing the reports available in public domain of some premier institutions on factors such as innovation factor, spin-off activities, programs running in higher educational institutes (HEIs) and assembling the entities like education & entrepreneurship linkage, commercialization & fund seeking, intellectual property support to create a framework that would be relevant in present time. Soft System Methodology (SSM) is used to implement these parameters in Indian HEIs. This study analyses the gaps between concerned areas of the real world system and conceptual system.
Keywords: Structured Innovation; Higher Educational Institute; Economic Growth.
AN INVESTIGATION OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION ON COUNSELLING SERVICES IN AWKA METROPOLIS
by Ezeanyagu, P. I., Alike, G. U.
Abstract: This paper presents a study of senior secondary school student’s perception on counselling services in Awka metropolis. Descriptive survey design was used in the study. Five secondary schools in the metropolis were sampled for the study out of the 11 public secondary schools that is made up of 4,324 students through stratified random sampling technique. Also a total of 180 public senior secondary school students which comprises of 90 male and 90 female students respectively were drawn from the 5 sampled secondary schools. The researcher developed questionnaire on Senior Secondary Student’s Perception on Counselling Services Questionnaire (SESSPOCS) which consists of 15 items to address the three research questions in the study. The questionnaire was validated by three experts who are lecturers in the Measurement and Evaluation and psychology unit of the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Mean and t-test were used for data analysis. The study revealed that the perception of senior secondary school students in Awka metropolis of Anambra State on counselling services is positive and that to a reasonable extent they access the services of a counsellor in their schools. It is also found that gender of the students has insignificant influence on their perception on counselling services. Based on these findings, the research recommended that school counsellors should utilize this awareness and positive perception of students to provide for other counselling services that may be lacking and as well should always be ready to project a good image of their services through seminars and workshops in order to make this positive perception permanent in students. Also, it is recommended that Counselling Association of Nigeria (CASSON) can stipulate a minimum qualification for one to become a secondary school counsellor and the type of personality characteristics required of the would-be counsellor. These when achieved will help promote counselling profession in Nigeria.
Keywords: perception; awareness; senior secondary student; counselling services; counsellor
The Impact of CLIL Instruction on Content Learning: Evidence from the Greek Context
by Marina Mattheoudakis, Thomai Alexiou, Ioanna Ziaka
Abstract: The present paper aims to look into the effect of CLIL instruction on learners’ content knowledge. The study took place in a Greek primary school where CLIL has been implemented for the last 6 years. Two groups of 6th graders participate in the study: an experimental group which is taught Geography in English and a control group that is taught Geography in Greek. The comparison between the two groups is based on two Geography tests that each group took – the experimental group in English and the control group in Greek. The results of the study indicated significantly superior performance of the experimental group in the first test and slightly inferior performance in the second one. Learners’ proficiency level in English seems to affect significantly learners’ performance in the content tests at the beginning of the school year. Differences in CLIL performance between students of higher and lower proficiency level in English seem to fade out as the year progresses.
Keywords: CLIL instruction; content learning; L2 proficiency level; primary school; Greece
A Critical Analysis on Wright and Lander’s article: ‘Collaborative Group Interactions of Students from Two Ethnic Backgrounds’
by Yui-yip Lau
Abstract: In this paper, the author provides a critical analysis of Wright and Lander’s (2003) article, Collaborative Group Interactions of Students from Two Ethnic Backgrounds. Taking an empirical research approach, Wright and Lander apply a quantitative methodology to investigate a possible scenario for student interaction within different collaborative groups. Focusing on Wright and Lander’s research, this study will briefly review the evolution of educational research since the nineteenth-century and classify our methodological approach in light of that. The remaining part of this study proceeds be as follows: Sections 2 and 3 provide a synopsis of the selected research, and then identify its main strengths. A critical evaluation of Wright and Lander’s research is presented in Section 4, including theory, research design, methods and researcher values, and possible improvements to the study and some conclusions are given in Section 5.
Keywords: Empirical research approach; Educational research; Quantitative methodology