International Journal of Innovation in Education (15 papers in press)
AN INVESTIGATION OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS PERCEPTION ON COUNSELLING SERVICES IN AWKA METROPOLIS
by Ezeanyagu, P. I., Alike, G. U.
Abstract: This paper presents a study of senior secondary school students perception on counselling services in Awka metropolis. Descriptive survey design was used in the study. Five secondary schools in the metropolis were sampled for the study out of the 11 public secondary schools that is made up of 4,324 students through stratified random sampling technique. Also a total of 180 public senior secondary school students which comprises of 90 male and 90 female students respectively were drawn from the 5 sampled secondary schools. The researcher developed questionnaire on Senior Secondary Students Perception on Counselling Services Questionnaire (SESSPOCS) which consists of 15 items to address the three research questions in the study. The questionnaire was validated by three experts who are lecturers in the Measurement and Evaluation and psychology unit of the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Mean and t-test were used for data analysis. The study revealed that the perception of senior secondary school students in Awka metropolis of Anambra State on counselling services is positive and that to a reasonable extent they access the services of a counsellor in their schools. It is also found that gender of the students has insignificant influence on their perception on counselling services. Based on these findings, the research recommended that school counsellors should utilize this awareness and positive perception of students to provide for other counselling services that may be lacking and as well should always be ready to project a good image of their services through seminars and workshops in order to make this positive perception permanent in students. Also, it is recommended that Counselling Association of Nigeria (CASSON) can stipulate a minimum qualification for one to become a secondary school counsellor and the type of personality characteristics required of the would-be counsellor. These when achieved will help promote counselling profession in Nigeria.
Keywords: perception; awareness; senior secondary student; counselling services; counsellor.
The Impact of CLIL Instruction on Content Learning: Evidence from the Greek Context
by Marina Mattheoudakis, Thomai Alexiou, Ioanna Ziaka
Abstract: The present paper aims to look into the effect of CLIL instruction on learners content knowledge. The study took place in a Greek primary school where CLIL has been implemented for the last 6 years. Two groups of 6th graders participate in the study: an experimental group which is taught Geography in English and a control group that is taught Geography in Greek. The comparison between the two groups is based on two Geography tests that each group took the experimental group in English and the control group in Greek. The results of the study indicated significantly superior performance of the experimental group in the first test and slightly inferior performance in the second one. Learners proficiency level in English seems to affect significantly learners performance in the content tests at the beginning of the school year. Differences in CLIL performance between students of higher and lower proficiency level in English seem to fade out as the year progresses.
Keywords: CLIL instruction; content learning; L2 proficiency level; primary school; Greece.
A Critical Analysis on Wright and Landers article: Collaborative Group Interactions of Students from Two Ethnic Backgrounds
by Yui-yip Lau
Abstract: In this paper, the author provides a critical analysis of Wright and Landers (2003) article, Collaborative Group Interactions of Students from Two Ethnic Backgrounds. Taking an empirical research approach, Wright and Lander apply a quantitative methodology to investigate a possible scenario for student interaction within different collaborative groups. Focusing on Wright and Landers research, this study will briefly review the evolution of educational research since the nineteenth-century and classify our methodological approach in light of that. The remaining part of this study proceeds be as follows: Sections 2 and 3 provide a synopsis of the selected research, and then identify its main strengths. A critical evaluation of Wright and Landers research is presented in Section 4, including theory, research design, methods and researcher values, and possible improvements to the study and some conclusions are given in Section 5.
Keywords: Empirical research approach; Educational research; Quantitative methodology.
Education Revolution: From TED Talk to Treatise
by Shani O'Brien
Abstract: This book review is a comprehensive examination of Creative Schools: The Grassroots Revolution Thats Transforming Education by Sir Ken Robinson and Lou Aronica. Robinson and Aronica call for an education revolution in which project-based learning and creative problem-solving, along with academic rigor, replace standardized assessment-based curriculum in kindergarten through 12th grade public schools. They cite a variety of successful case studies of innovative school models that show that prioritizing creative pursuits and interest-driven projects in schools increases intrinsic motivation and engagement of students in schools, as well as standardized assessment scores. Although their novel is not written from the direct perspective of a k-12 educator, nor does it cite well-known and accepted learning theories and philosophies, Robinson and Aronicas case studies, rationale, and curriculum recommendations create a strong argument in favor of the revolution of current instructional practice.
Keywords: education; education reform; creativity; learning; innovation; twenty-first century; transformative education; innovative education; instructional practice; individualized education; project-based learning; school.
Integrating Universal Design for Learning (UDL) as a Pedagogical Framework to Teach and Support all Learners in Science Concepts
by Ali Gohar Qazi, Yasir Mustafa, Shazia Ali
Abstract: It has always been evident that implementing latest and innovative approaches in education provide ways to improve quality education anywhere in the world. In todays classroom, many students are facing major barriers in learning because of fixed and one size fits all curricula which do not produce the preferred academic achievement gains for all learners in the 21st century. To address this issue, Universal Design for Learning (UDL) was used as a pedagogical framework to facilitate all learners to boost their enthusiasm for learning while gaining the knowledge and skills to grasp over the desired learning outcomes. In this study, digital technologies were incorporated to support three principles of UDL (multiple means of representation, action and expression, and engagement). The quantitative results of this research study revealed that with the implementation of UDL framework, students of grade 3 exhibited physical engagement after receiving the UDL-infused instructions, but this gain was not significant in comparison to those who received the conventional instructions. Moreover, the gains were not significant in terms of emotional and cognitive engagement. Whereas, the qualitative themes that emerged in this study, under classroom environment and three factors of engagement cognitive, emotional and physical engagement, indicate that UDL provides teachers with a useful model for creating an enabling environment for students to learn and engage. It proactively creates learning spaces for all students in the classroom regardless of ability and facilitates instructional adaptations that bring students together as a community of common learners and also supports teachers to provide learning opportunities for all learners.
Keywords: Universal Design for Learning (UDL); Pedagogy; Science; Innovative Technologies.
Innovation - the key for developing countries
by Isaac Kweku Aidoo, Kenneth Kofi Fletcher, Ama Baduba Asiedu-Asante
Abstract: The current economic state of most developing countries portrays low-income levels of their citizens. This is due to several factors, of which lack of innovative thinking is fundamental. Typically, innovative thinking usually starts with developing creativity at the early childhood stage. Therefore, the developmental stages of children, i.e. during their years in kindergarten, must be structured in such a way to enhance innovative thinking. This article looks at innovation being a key to advancing developing countries when incorporated in educational curriculums. Specifically, the information and communication technologies (ICT) educational curriculum of Ghana, a developing country, is analysed and compared to curriculums from the United Kingdom. Finally, ways to improve the acquisition of cognitive skills, using specialized learning aids in Ghanas ICT educational curriculum, to transform students innovative thinking processes are proposed.
Keywords: Innovation; developing countries; BBC Micro:bits; Information and Communication Technologies (ICT); LittleBits; Raspberry Pi; Syllabus; Scratch Coding.
Implementing augmented learning and teaching design for impact: exploring the use of digital gamification in tertiary sport and hospitality business curriculum
by Michelle O'Shea, Catherine Link
Abstract: The unprecedented rise of computer technologies through the 1980s constructed a unique context in which education institutions began to draw on game technologies to complement existing learning and teaching practice. In highly nuanced ways smartphone technologies, digital media, and the internet continue to shape the way we connect, consume and, in context to this research case, learn. While tertiary institutions are increasingly trialling the use of augmented technologies for learning, the convergence of gamification and tertiary education has not been as widely pursued as first envisaged. Drawing on lecturers reflections on designing and implementing gamified curricula and preliminary student feedback, this case study interrogates the challenges and opportunities associated with designing and implementing gamified undergraduate sport and hospitality management educational models.
Keywords: gamification; technology; business education; industry impact.
Acculturation Strategy and Innovation in Higher Education: A Study of Individuals and Dyads
by Rukhsar Sharif
Abstract: This novel quasi-experimental study examines the relation between two salient constructs: acculturation strategy and innovation in higher education. A sample of 54 undergraduates, comprising equal numbers of assimilated and bicultural students, participated in the first study session where they individually assembled comic books and stationery into new product prototypes to cheer stressed classmates. In the second study session, the students were randomly grouped into 13 homogeneous and 13 heterogeneous acculturated pairs to assemble the comic books and stationery into novel prototypes to help classmates reconcile over a disagreement. Two external innovation judges blindly scored the degree of innovation of each prototype. Findings exhibit that acculturation strategy significantly predicts the original dimension of individual innovation, but dyad acculturation type does not significantly predict dyad level innovation. The study suggests that pairing may not need to be solely based on acculturation strategy for enhancing pair innovation in higher education and organizations.
Keywords: acculturation strategy; dyad acculturation type; individual innovation; dyad innovation; higher education.
New analytical education methodology for young minds- Asian Countries perspective
by Jyoti Batra Arora
Abstract: Knowledge can be inheritedusing innovative methods of teaching. Education has become an important concern for the growth and progress of a nation in the context of changing global market and requirement and emphasis on education. The changes with an appropriate design of education arerequired to make it as integral to the economic development of country. Educated citizen are pillar of growth and development of nation. This paper proposes the innovative and analytical methods in education system in Asian continent. It focuses on the issues and challenges related to education and proposed the innovative methodologies to promote the education. This paper covers the every aspect such as Information Communication and Technology, students behavior, class size, academic excellence and curriculum etc
Keywords: ICT; Academic Excellence; Technological Pedagogy; Curriculum.
Factors Affecting the Teachers Intention to Adopt Audio-Visual Aids in Education Sector of Pakistan
by Zeeshan Iqbal, Maimoona Malik
Abstract: An emergent body of research mainly from the developing countries indicated that behavioural and cultural factors have significant influence on the adoption of technology. Based on the theoretical lenses of technology acceptance model (TAM) and theory of reasoned action (TRA), this study examined the teachers behavioural intention towards the adoption of audio-visual aids. The researchers conducted self-administrated questionnaire based survey for data collection from the teachers working at government secondary schools of district Khanewal-Pakistan. Structural equation modelling approach was applied with the help of SmartPLS software in order to test the hypothesized relationships. The results revealed that perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, social influence and culture are positively, while access to audio-visual aids is negatively, associated with the teachers behavioural intention towards the adoption of audiovisual aids. Furthermore, theoretical and practical implications for teachers professional development as well as for educational policy makers, limitations of study and directions for future research were also discussed.
Keywords: Education; audio-visual aids; AV aids; secondary schools; teachers; intention; Pakistan.
Handling cross-disciplinary conflicts for Innovation: Two action cases facilitated by artefacts
by Zulfiqar Ali, Hngyi SUN
Abstract: Collective thinking accelerates the process of problem-solving in unconventional and innovative ways, but very few cases were reported. The purpose of this study is to explore cross-disciplinary collaboration, the emergence of conflicts during cross-disciplinary interactions and the role of artefacts to accelerate the process of innovation. Using two academic case studies, observed and analysed by ethnography and active participation methodology to study the iterative collective thinking process and conflicts handling. It is found that cross-disciplinary teams engulf with conflicts due to divergent thinking and cross conversation. It is also found that artefacts help to converge the group thinking and enable cross-disciplinary collaboration. This paper provides real-life cases in higher education especially on how to practically handle and leverage cross-disciplinary conflicts for innovation. In this study, only small groups were observed and most of the team members were from Europe. Future research with more groups and people from more places can be conducted.
Keywords: Conflict; Cross-disciplinary collaboration; Artefacts; Innovation; Collective thinking.
Structural Semantic Test: An Effective Tool for Transition of Vocabulary from Receptive to Productive Mode
by Ferdi Bozkurt, Kamal Heidari
Abstract: Vocabulary as the building block of language has always encountered challenging issues by researchers. One of these challenges is the transition of receptive lexical knowledge to productive mode. The nature of such a process and also the tools which might be useful in simplifying it are among basic questions which are needed to consider by related researchers. The present study, in essence, sets out to cast light on this issue by elaborating on structural semantic tests as an appropriate practical tool for helping learners push their receptive vocabulary knowledge into productive mode. To explain such a goal, 58 EFL learners took part in the study to take two productive tests: a L1 to L2 translation test; and a structural semantic test accompanied by sentence making. A number of them were then interviewed to share their views on the test. The results of the study revealed that structural semantic test is an effective approach for facilitating the procedure of transferring receptive vocabulary into productive compared to the commonly-used equivalent finding test. The study also led to a set of implications which are discussed.
Keywords: Structural semantic test; Receptive vocabulary; Productive vocabulary.
Implementing Collaborative Learning in Classrooms: Science Teachers Perspectives
by Saadeddine Shehab, Emma Mercier
Abstract: Research indicates that collaborative learning can lead to increased learning, interest and persistence in science fields. To inform future professional development and teachers preparatory programs, it is important to examine teachers conceptions of, and experiences with collaborative learning. This study explores middle and high school science teachers conceptions of, and experiences with, collaborative learning in addition to the barriers that prevent the implementation of collaborative learning in the classroom. Survey data collected from 66 science teachers indicated that they viewed collaborative learning as a process that has a specific purpose. They reported having positive experiences when implementing collaborative learning. They were concerned about student-related barriers for not using collaborative learning. These findings provide insights about the content of professional development that can be designed to support these science teachers when implementing collaborative learning in their classrooms.
Keywords: collaborative learning; high school; middle school; science teachers.
Leveraging Teacher Leadership Inspiring Creativity and Innovation at ACS-Athens
by Eleoussa Polyzoi, Stefanos Gialamas, Kristina Cliteur, Maureen Babb
Abstract: Using a transformative learning lens, based on the work of Mezirow (2000), this study provides insight into the factors that influence excellence and innovative teaching at the American Community School of Athens. Using a case-study methodology, ten one-hour interviews were conducted with teachers and administrative staff of the school to examine their perspectives on the importance of innovation, qualities of teachers as leaders, and factors that facilitate the transformation process as exemplified by their school. Questions included: How do you cultivate innovation and creativity through your teaching? How do you foster an educational climate that values critical reflection? How do you encourage a deeper-level thinking among students that is transformative in nature? The interviews were uniquely positioned to examine innovative change as it occurs and the processes and challenges that emerge when such change is instituted (Fullan, 2016). Three exemplary school programs are described that illustrate innovative practices at this school.
Keywords: international schools; innovation; transformative learning; the change process; teachers as leaders; case study; interviews; thematic analysis; inspiring creativity.
Assessment Methods on Serious Games
by Carlos Oliveira, Ulrick Pimentel
Abstract: Digital games have conquered a growing space in the lives of children, adolescents and adults. In this perspective, the use of this resource has shown to be an important strategy that facilitates the learning process. This research is a literature review on the use of serious games in teaching, which shows the characteristics of these games, the benefits and possible harms that this resource can produce, in addition to the possible methods of evaluating the effectiveness of this resource in teaching. The results point out that Serious Games have significant potential as a tool for instruction. However, their effectiveness in terms of learning outcomes is still poorly studied, mainly due to the complexity involved in evaluating intangible measures.
Keywords: Assessment; Serious Games.