International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy (6 papers in press)
FISHBONE DIAGRAM FOR TECHNOLOGICAL ANALYSIS AND FORESIGHT
by Mario Coccia
Abstract: Fishbone diagram is a graphical technique to show the several causes of a specific event. Fishbone diagram is applied here as a novel graphical representation to identify, explore and analyse the source and evolution of innovation and especially General Purpose Technologies (GPTs). Firstly, the study here shows the driving forces of GPTs, such as: higher democratization, high investment in R&D, etc. Secondly, these drivers of GPTs and in gen-eral of new technology are represented with fishbone diagram for the technological analysis. Some examples are given by applying the Fishbone diagram to specific GPTs, such as steam engine and Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). Overall, then, fishbone diagram seems to be an appropriate and general technique of graphical representation for the technological analysis and foresight of path-breaking innovation in society.
Keywords: Fishbone Diagram; General Purpose Technology; Technological Foresight; Sources of Innovation; Technological Evolution; New Technology; Technological Analysis.
Special Issue on: Policies and Developmental Studies for Migration and Global Society
The European refugee crisis in Europe and multicultural integration
by Edita Calakovic
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to look into the recent refugee crisis in Europe and to argue on how this crisis turned into a humanitarian problem at a global scene. Moreover, this migration crisis has been developed into a security issue in Europe and in the same time affecting the dynamics of the European integration. For Europe, the integration of refugees is a big challenge. The debates have been focused on immigrant population as a whole rather than asylum-seekers in particular. The debate was often difficult to control because of different meaning between those who favour more assimilation policies against those who argue for protection for the newcomers cultural identity. This research paper is trying to find out how the Europe is dealing with this huge challenge of immigrants and with their integration.
Keywords: Refugee crisis; Europe; Integration; Multiculturalism; Asylum; Arab spring; civil war; EU-Turkey deal.
The Thabarwa Centres a mindful foresight strategy
by Khema Cari, Aloka Nani
Abstract: Within the frame of globalisation and the strive for future modes of living in a global society, this article describes the development of the Thabarwa Meditation Centres, which started in Yangon, Myanmar in 2007. It explains the aim of the centres, their mode of operation, and their organisational structure, based on the centres main paradigms. To understand their stunning growth and success, it is crucial to perceive how they bring their members to understand what is called the law of cause and effect concerning everyones actions. Once a person understands this law of cause and effect, one can use it to transform his or her life. A Thabarwa Centre is the place where any person can abandon creating causes for suffering (understood in the Buddhist sense) and instead make causes for good results. This article describes how the Thabarwa Centres are answering the needs of society on material and spiritual levels by offering free food, housing, medical care, education and meditation guidance to everyone that arrives in the centre.
Keywords: Social help; meditation; Buddhism; Theravada Buddhism; purification of mind; mindfulness; truth; desire; suffering; nature; impermanence; healing; Myanmar; Yangoon.
A Centre of Excellence for Infrastructure Project Preparation and PPP to Fight Climate Change
by Gilbert Ahamer
Abstract: This article describes the concept for a Regional Centre of Excellence and Advisory Facility for Project Design, Financing, and Public-Private Partnership (PPP), using Central Asia (CA) as an example. The key task is to support partner countries in developing their bankable climate-related and environmental infrastructure projects for funding through International Financial Institutions (IFIs) while complying with their social and environmental project quality criteria. For the success of a Virtual Knowledge Centre (VKC), the communication options are essential. Its main task is to create a social community.
Keywords: Paris conference; Centre of Excellence; Advisory Facility; municipalities; cities; sustainability; green technology; climate change measures; clean technologies; Central Asia; PPP; Public-Private Partnership; Virtual Knowledge Centre.
The Soviet Nationalities Policies and their contribution to conflicts: Law, and Legacies and Ideology
by Benedikt Harzl
Abstract: This paper examines the impact of the Soviet nationalities policies and its legal instruments on the territorial conflicts along the ethno-federal lines of the former USSR. By looking at selected examples in the South Caucasus, this work considers, in particular, how the Soviet ideology of ethnic federalism fuelled conflicts within the federal units of the USSR. It is argued that the installation of proto-elements of statehood and the promotion of national consciousness within the USSR which were at the core of Soviet nationality policies created the structural conditions, which resulted in the outbreak of conflicts across the USSR after 1989. The paper contemplates, further, that the concept of ethnic federalism remains the most haunting legacy of the Soviet ethnopolitics: Rather than vanishing with the demise of the USSR, it continues to shape political decision-making in the South Caucasus.
Keywords: Abkhazia; autonomy; ethnopolitics; ethnoterritoriality; federalism; law; Nagorno-Karabakh; nationalism; South Caucasus; Soviet Union; Transnistria.
The Divided Venezuela
by Agnes Haidacher, Mariana Lourdes Olvera Colin, Nikolina Jankovic
Abstract: Venezuela is one of the biggest oil producers in the world. This seems, however, to have brought Venezuela much more trouble than it has helped the country to solve problems. With the discovery of oil in Venezuelan territory, the country developed and industrialized; nevertheless it too became a focus of international interest. This brought to Venezuela a period of political stability with wealth for some and poverty for the majority. As popular unrest rose, Hugo Chavez came to power, a politician who declared war to capitalism and left a divided society and a country currently afflicted by a deep economic crisis. The main actors in this conflict and their interest were the subjects of our analysis.
Keywords: Oil; Hugo Chavez; Nicolas Madura; Economic crisis; Capitalism; Socialism; Venezuela; Poverty;.