International Journal of Electronic Governance (4 papers in press)
Special Issue on: Electronic Participation (eParticipation)
Analysing Deliberation Quality of Online Forum Users in Turkey with Net-based Tools as Variables
by Demet Gencer-Kasap
Abstract: This study focuses on comparing the quality of online deliberations that have the same deliberation process, concept, and discussion topics but use different net-based technologies. For this, a Web-based forum, a social networking site, and a 3D virtual world were chosen as research areas. Discussions regarding Turkeys public issues were examined by using the rationalistic and ethical criteria that come from the studies of J
Keywords: Deliberative Democracy, Online Deliberation, Habermas, Deliberation Design, Turkey, Web-Based Forum, Facebook, Second Life.
The Influence of Social Media on Mass Demonstrations:
An Exploratory Conceptual Model
by Carla D. M. Soares, Luiz Antonio Joia
Abstract: Information and communication technology affects all issues in the modern world, including mass demonstrations. The impact of these technologies on such movements has been felt worldwide in recent years, affecting both developed countries such as Spain and the United States, as well as developing countries such as Brazil, Egypt, and Tunisia. The intensive use of the Internet and especiallysocial media has been a distinctive common denominator in the public demonstrationsthat have occurred in the most diverse scenariosover the past few years with respectto their organization and communication. Therefore, based on a review of theextant literatureon the topic, this paper seekstopropose an exploratoryconceptual model about the influence of the use of social media onmass demonstrations,whereby possible scenarios in which these popular demonstrations tend to occur can be identified.
Keywords: Social Movements, Internet, E-Participation, Social Media
(Not) talking about politics on Facebook: The case of Croatian young adults
by Lucia Vesnic-Alujevic
Abstract: In the era of declined public trust in democratic institutions, the emergence of social media renewed hopes for citizens' firmer inclusion and engagement in politics. Research into uses of social media for political engagement continues to grow. This study explores young adults' online political engagement in a new European Union member state Croatia. This case is particularly important as it deals with a newly democratic country that faces low levels of trust in politicians.
In this study I was interested in exploring young Croats' attitudes to politics in general and online in particular. Starting with their levels of offline participation, I examined levels of online political participation and the connection and interaction between them. An online survey was supplemented with a limited number of in-depth interviews to further examine the underlying reasons for certain opinions and attitudes. The results show that social media are a good tool for boosting political participation among young Croatian citizens and influencing voters opinions, despite the fact that one of the main characteristics of this type of communication remains clicktivism.
Keywords: political engagement; young adults; Croatia; Facebook
Identification in E-Participation: A Multi-Dimensional Model
by Judith Schobbock, Bettina Rinnerbauer, Michael Sachs, Peter Parycek
Abstract: A crucial question in the conceptual design of e-participation processes is the selection of electronic identification methods (IDs). Both technical security of a system and low participation threshold are important factors that should be considered on all levels of e-participation. IDs that are perceived as too complex are likely to cause lower participation rates. While anonymous participation is favoured by a great number of users, some forms of e-participation, in particular those asking for authorised participants, require a more secure form of identification with a high quality of identification data. This paper presents an expert-based model that maps selected IDs with the levels of e-participation and evaluates the appropriateness of their usage for each stage. The results are discussed for different ID methods and aspects like transparency and privacy are taken into consideration.
Keywords: e-participation; evaluation; security; identification; identification data; electronic identification; levels of e-participation; e-participation model; participation threshold; obstacles in e-participation; information; consultation; cooperation; co-decision; decision;